recurring pattern or arrangement of beats "backround". Meterrical v. non-metrical
"foreground" - type of note
frequency, result in low sounds. Definite focused. indefinite not clear.
duple and triple meter
in much western music
tone color, timbre
in stance of a repeated pattern
amplitude . crescendo - soft to loud, decrescendo, loud to soft.
the speed of the beats and how fast or slow they arrive
moving the accent away from it's natural position
interval - say three
distance between two pitches. half step (key to key, black or white), whole (every other, black or white), octave - the whole set of notes C to C
scale - define and say types
collection of pitches. chromatic - all 12, halfs. diatonic - 7, only white keys.
C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B . microtonal - 43, Harry Partch. half frequency if lower, twice if higher.
a series of pitches or notes, combination of pitch into rhythm. tune. step. leap. motive
harmony - define and say types
simultaneous pitch relation. veticall. chord, . consonance, dissonance.
a distinct fragment of melody
tonality - talk modes, notes, and scale
org music around a central pitch home pitch. tonic note. major. minor. diatonic. usually end on tonic note, but not always.
blend of diff melodies at one second. homophony. polyphony. monophony.
multiple melodies at same time. non-imitive. imitive. contrapuntal.
single melody with background accompaniment
violin, cello, viola, bass
piccolo, flute, clarinet, oboe, sax
trombone, frech horn, tuba, trumpet
strings - plucked
guitar acoustic and steel
the pattern, layout of the music. repetition AA, contrast AB, variation A' A'' A''', return ABA. strophic form
a form based on repetition using the same pattern for many lines of a song
combination of distinctive musical qualities
a musical form having 3 sections -- exposition and development and recapitulation
AAB form that is 12 measures in length and is more defined by its chord progression. Although this chord progression is common in other forms, it helped to define the blues.
theme and variations
a musical form in which a theme continually returns but is varied by changing the notes of the melody, the harmony, the rhythm, or some other feature of the music
wide category of music, defined by function, performers, and integrate various forms
a composition for orchestra and a soloist
an instrumental quartet with 2 violins and a viola and a cello
a large orchestra
group of singers singing together, with more than one person singing each part. section of the orchestra comprising instruments of a certain type, such as the string, woodwind, or brass choir
art of composing two or more melodies that fit well together. bach famed for it
one of the modes of the diatonic scale, oriented around the C as the tonic, characterized by the interval between the first and third notes containing 4 semitones, as opposed to 3 in the minor mode
the fifth note of the diatonic scale of any key or the key based on this, considered in relation to the key of the tonic
in a fugue, a passage that does not contain any complete appearances of the fugue subject.
first section of a fugue, passage that does not contain complete appearances of a sonata-form movement
one of the modes of the diatonic scale, oriented around A as the topic; characterized by the interval between the first and third notes containing 3 semitones, as opposed to 4 in the major.
an ornament style of singing, with many notes for each
"work" opus numbers provide a meand of cataloging a composer's compositions
musician performing by themself
a form based on repetition, using the same music for multiple stanzas aaba cdcd aaba
duplicate phrase at different levels
designing extended composition: longer forms featuring contrast/drama * divide individual pieces into a series of self contained sections ( called movements )