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Influenza

A contagious repiratory infection characterized by onset of fever, chills, headache, and muscle pain.

Lobectomy

a prodecure the removes a portion of the lung.

Laryngostenosis

A narrowing or stricture of the voice box.

Pneunectomy

A surgical puncture to remove fluid from the lung.

Anoxia

A total absence of sxygen in body tissues.

Pneumocystis Pneumonia

A type of pneumonia seen in patients with AIDS.

Wheezes

Continuous high-pitched whistling sounds, usually during expiration.

Bronchiectasis

A disease characterized by bronchial dilation, usually leads to secondary infection.

Epiglottis

The structure that closes off the larynx, during the swallowing process.

Internal respiration

Exchange of O2 and CO2 in body cells.

Acidosis

High levels of CO2 in the bloodstream.

Stridor

High-pitched musical sound made on inspiration, caused by obstruction.

Bronchitis

Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes.

mediastinum

The space in the chest between the lungs.

Crackles

Abnormal breath sounds heard during inhalation or exhalation.

Bronchodilators

Drugs that are used to dilate the walls of the bronchi and treat asthma.

CPAP

A device worn by a person with sleep apnea.

Tuberculosis

Infectious disease that produces small lesions or tubercles in the lungs.

SIDS

An abbreviation that refers to an unexpected and unexplained death of a healthy infant; also called crib death.

Asthma

A condition bharacterized by attacks of difficult breathing and wheezing caused by spasms of the bronchial tubes.

Pneumothorax

The medical condition where a collection of air in the pleutal cavity causes the lung to collapse.

Epistaxis

Medical term for a nosebleed.

Inspiration

The natural process of drawing air into the lungs.

Pneumonomelanosis

A occupational disease caused by inhalation of black dust.

Pleural effusion

The pathological condition that causes an abnormal presence of fluid in the pleural cavity.

Emphysema

The term for the chronic disease characterized by overexpansion and destruction of the alveoli, often associated with cigarette smoking.

Anesthesia

Refers to a loss of feeling or sensation.

Spirometry

A test that measures breathing capacity of the lungs.

Orthopnea

When person has difficulty breathing in any position except in a sitting or standing position.

Cysic fibrosis

A genetic disorder.

Bronchodilators

Agents that dilate the wall of the bronchi to increase air flow.

Coryza

Acute inflammation of the nasal passages accompanied by profuse nasal discharge; also called a cold.

Pertussis

Acute infectious disease characterized by a "whoop" sounding cough.

Corticosteroids

Hormanal agents that reduce tissue edema and inflammation associated with chronic lung disease.

Epistaxis

hemorrahage from the nose; also called a nosebleed.

Pneumonectomy

Excision of the entire lung.

nose

rhin/o

Bronochoscopy

Direct visualization of the bronchi using an endoscope.

Pyothorax

Refers to presence of pus in the chest.

Apnea

Temporary cessation of breathing.

Pharyngoplegia

Is paralysis of pharyngeal muscles.

Catheter

A hollow tube that can be inserted into a vessel or cavity of the body to withdraw or instill fluids.

Croup

an acute respiratory syndrome of childhood characterized by laryngeal obstruction and spasm, barking cough, and stridor.

Chondroma

A cartilaginous tumor.

Aerophagia

Refers to swallowing air.

Diagnosis

Refers to use of scientific methods and medical skill to establish the cause and nature of a person's illness.

Anosmia

Loss or impairment of sense of smell.

COPD

Refers to a group of respiratory disorders characterized by chronic bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema.

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