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The process by which the rocks, soil, and other sediment moved by erosion are left or deposited in a new place.


A solid made of one or more minerals.


An object that is solid, has never been alive, and was formed in nature.

igneous rock

Rock that was once melted and then cooled and hardened.

sedimentary rock

A rock formed from material that settled in layers.

metamorphic rock

A rock changed by temperature and pressure.


The wearing down of rocks on Earth's surface by wind, water, ice and plants.


The process by which soil and rock are broken down and moved away.

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