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Griswold v. Connecticut

Established that there is an implied right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution

Gibbons v. Ogden

Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government

Gideon v. Wainright

Ordered states to provide lawyers for those unable to afford them

Engle v. Vitale

Mandatory prayer in schools is a violation of the establishment clause

Shenk v. U.S.

Ok to prohibit speech that causes a "clear and present danger."

McCullough v. Maryland

In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally exercising its enumerated powers not sepcifically mentioned in the Constitution.

Mapp v. Ohio

Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)

Plessy v. Ferguson

separate but equal

Marbury v. Madison

This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review

Miranda v. Arizona

The accused must be notified of their rights before being questioned by the police

Brown v. Board

Ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional

Dred Scott

slaves were property not people

Clinton v. New York City

line item veto unconstitutional

Lemon v. Kurtzman

religion in schools, "no excessive entanglement."

Regents of California v. Bakke

race cannot be only factor in college admissions

Roe v. Wade

(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy

Gregg v. Georgia

Upheld the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment

Near v. Minnesota

protection from prior restraint

U.S. v. Lopez

Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce.

Miller v. California

obscenity lacks literacy, artistic, or scientific value, it can be regulated.

Prinz v. U.S.

unfunded mandates not ok, handgun checks

New York Times v. Sullivan

Public figures have fewer privacy rights

Tinker

students do not leave their rights at eh schoolhouse door

Korematsu v. U.S.

internment of Japanese Americans constitutional

Barron v. Baltimore

Bill of Tights restrains only national government

Gitlow v. New York

due process of the 14th amendment, starts the nationalization of the Bill of Rights

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