B.A. EXAM REVIEW - Sadlier-Oxford Vocab Workshop: Level F: Units 11-15: Definitions

110 terms by fgbm27 Plus

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brouhaha

noun, a confused hodgepodge of sounds, hubbub; an uproar or commotion that goes far beyond what is justified

cloy

verb, to spoil or destroy an appetite by too much indulgence especially in sweet or rich things; to glut, satiate

demeanor

noun, the way a person behaves, overall impression made by comportment, manner, etc.; facial appearance, mien

deference

noun, courteous, yielding to the wishes and ideas of another person; great respect marked by submission, as to a superior

enigmatic

adjective, puzzling, perplexing, not easily understood, mysterious

definitive

adjective, conclusive, final, representing the limit of what can be done

bumptious

adjective, offensively self-assertive; excessively and arrogantly self-confident

choleric

adjective, easily made angry, bad-tempered

bulwark

noun, a strong defense or protection, a solid wall-like structure for defense; verb, to provide such defense or protection; verb, to provide such a defense or protection

curtail

verb, to cut short, bring to a halt or end sooner than expected; to reduce

adamant

adjective, firm in purpose or opinion, unyielding; noun, an extremely hard substance

profligate

adjective, given over to dissipation and self-indulgence, immoral; recklessly extravagant; noun, a person given to self-indulgent and wild spending

mawkish

adjective, excessively and objectionably sentimental; having a mildly sickening flavor

thwart

verb, to oppose successfully; to prevent, frustrate

onus

noun, something that is heavy or burdensome; a stigma; blame

requisite

adjective, needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensable

mollify

verb, to soften, make gentle, to calm, allay; to reduce in intensity

sartorial

adjective, of or pertaining to a tailor or his work, having to do with clothes or dress

presentiment

noun, a vague sense of approaching misfortune

impromptu

adjective & adverb, without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done; noun, an extemporaneous composition or remark; a minimal piece suggestive of improvisation

forbearance

noun, tolerance and self-control, patience; the act of refraining from something, abstinence

remit

verb, to send or hand in, to cancel, forgive, pardon; to lessen, diminish; to put off, postpone, defer

jejune

adjective, lacking in nutritive value; lacking in interest or substance; immature, juvenile

credulous

adjective, too ready to believe, easily deceived

infirmity

noun, a weakness or ailment

berate

verb, to scold sharply

expatiate

verb, to expand on, write or talk at length or in detail; to move about freely

deplete

verb, to use up as a result of spending or consumption; to diminish greatly

extraneous

adjective, coming from the outside, foreign; present but not essential, irrelevant

inception

noun, the beginning, start, earliest stage of some process, institution, etc.

criterion

noun, a rule, test; a standard for judgment or evaluation

amenable

adjective, willing to follow advice or authority, tractable, submissive; responsive, amendable to; liable, to be held responsible for

carnage

noun, large scale slaughter or loss of life

tortuous

adjective, winding, twisted, crooked; highly involved, complex, devious

sententious

adjective, self righteous, characterized by moralizing; given to use of maxims or adages; saying much in few words, pithy

obdurate

adjective, stubborn, unyielding

potpourri

noun, a collection of diverse or miscellaneous items, a general mixture; petals mixed with spices for scent

precocious

adjective, showing unusually early development

providential

adjective, happening as though through divine intervention; characterized by good fortune

ostensible

adjective, apparent, appearing to be true or actual; capable of being shown or exhibited

surfeit

noun, an excess or overindulgence, as in eating or drinking; causing disgust; verb, to feed or supply with anything to excess

sadistic

adjective, delighting in cruelty, excessively cruel

turgid

adjective, swollen, bloated, filled to excess; over decorated or excessive in language

supplicate

verb, to beg earnestly and humbly

collate

verb, to compare critically in order to note differences, similarities, etc.; to arrange in order for some specific purpose

foment

verb, to promote trouble or rebellion; to apply warm liquids to, warm

abet

verb, to encourage, assist (especially in something wrong)

encumber

verb, to weigh down or burden; to fill up, block, hinder

connoisseur

noun, an expert; one who is well qualified to pass critical judgments, especially in one of the fine arts

blatant

adjective, noise in a coarse, offensive way; obvious or conspicuous, especially in an unfavorable sense

disconsolate

adjective, deeply unhappy or dejected without hope, beyond consolation

buttress

verb, to support, prop up, strengthen; noun, a supporting structure

aver

verb, to affirm, declare confidently

carousal

noun, noisy revelry or merry making (often with a suggestion of heavy drinking)

broach

verb, to break the surface of the water, to turn sideways to the wind and waves; to bring up or begin to talk about; to announce; to pierce in order to draw off liquid; noun, a spit for roasting

nonplussed

adjective & participle, puzzled, not knowing what to do, at a loss

prolific

adjective, abundantly productive; abundant, profuse

opportune

adjective, suitable or convenient for a particular purpose; occurring at an appropriate time

incontrovertible

adjective, unquestionable, beyond dispute

grisly

adjective, frightful, horrible, ghastly

rejoinder

noun, a reply to a reply, especially from the defendant in a legal suit

predilection

noun, a liking, preference

magniloquent

adjective, expressed in loft or high-flown language

inauspicious

adjective, unfavorable, unlucky, suggesting bad luck for the future

impassive

adjective, showing no feeling or emotion

herculean

adjective, relating to Hercules; characterized by great strength;

clangor

noun, a loud ringing noise; verb, to make a loud ringing noise

deleterious

adjective, harmful, injurious

absolve

verb, to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt

enhance

verb, to raise to a higher degree; to increase the value or desirability of

caricature

noun, a representation in which the subject's characteristic features are deliberately exaggerated; verb, to present someone or something in a deliberately distorted way

extenuate

verb, to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of offense by making partial excuses

contiguous

adjective, side by side, touching; near; adjacent in time

exude

verb, to ooze out; to discharge through the pores

implicit

adjective, implied or understood though unexpressed; without doubts or reservations, unquestioning; potentially contained in

cupidity

noun, an eager desire for something; greed

enthrall

verb, to enslave; to imprison; to captivate, charm, hold spellbound

scintillating

adjective & participial, sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally brilliant

redundant

adjective, extra, excess, more than is needed ; wordy, repetitive, profuse, lush

winsome

adjective, charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting innocence)

preeminent

adjective, superior, outstanding; prominent

paragon

noun, a model of excellence or perfection

politic

adjective, prudent, shrewdly conceived and developed; artful, expedient

sanctimonious

adjective, making a show of virtue or righteousness; hypocritically moralistic or pious

incisive

adjective, sharp, keen, penetrating

prosaic

adjective, dull, ordinary, lacking in distinction and originality; characteristic of prose, not poetic

paraphrase

verb, to restate in other words; noun, a statement that presents a given idea in new language

ostentatious

adjective, marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy

denizen

noun, an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place

contingent

adj, likely but not certain to happen, possible, happening by chance; Noun, a representative group forming part of a larger body

foist

verb, to impose by fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring in by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion

corroborate

verb, to confirm, make more certain

abstemious

adj, moderate, sparing; characterized by abstinence and self-discipline

disseminate

verb, to scatter widely

florid

adj, highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, overdecorated, showy

censurable

adj, deserving of blame or correction

discursive

adj, passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic

dowdy

adj, poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness

accentuate

verb, to emphasize, place stress upon

specious

adj, deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit

perceptive

adj, having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation

palpable

adj, capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized

sear

verb, to make or become dry or withered; to char or scorch the surface of; to harden or make unfeeling

satiate

verb, to satisfy completely, to fill to excess; adj, full, satisfied

gauche

adj, awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy

inculcate

verb, to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly

heresy

noun, an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred

pernicious

adj, extremely harmful; deadly, fatal

quail

verb, to shrink back in fear, lose heart in a difficult or dangerous situation

salient

adj, leaping, jumping, or springing forth, prominent, standing out; noun, a projection or bulge, a land form that projects upward or outward

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