ANSWER: d) universalizing
The agricultural calendar is relatively unimportant to which type of religion?
a) animists b) ethnic c) pagan d) universalizing
TRUE OR FALSE: Universalizing religions tend to have precise places of origin based on events in the life of a human being, while ethnic religions tend to have unclear origins not tied to a single historical individual.
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established church is a
TRUE OR FALSE: Islam is a less hierarchical religion than Christianity.
ANSWER: d) Judaism
Which of the following is not a universalizing religion?
ANSWER: b) appeals to people living in a wide variety of locations.
A universalizing religion
a) is based on the physical characteristics of a particular location
b) appeals to people living in a wide variety of locations
c) is rarely transmitted through missionaries
d) is intentionally developed to be a world religion
TRUE OR FALSE: The Catholic church is a good example of a highly autonomous religion.
TRUE OR FALSE: The largest concentration of Eastern Orthodox Christians is in Eastern Europe.
TRUE OR FALSE: Christianity has the most widespread geographic distribution of any religion.
ANSWER: b) inanimate objects and natural events have spirts
Animists believe that
a) people should complete God's creation of the Earth
b) inanimate objects and natural events have spirits
c) people should make complete use of the Earth's resources
d) natural disasters are preventable
TRUE OR FALSE: Muslims consider the mosque as a space for community assembly and is not viewed as a sanctified place.
TRUE OR FALSE: Since a believer of Buddhism can also be a believer in other Eastern religions, most Buddhists in China and Japan believe in an ethnic religion simultaneously.
ANSWER: a) Buddhism
Which is NOT an ethnic Asian religion?
ANSWER: c) where Jews were forced to live
The concept of a ghetto originally referred to the area of a city
a) inside the walls
b) inhabited by the lowest-income people
c) where Jews were forced to live
d) where most African-Americans live
ANSWER: d) Sunni
The dominant branch of Islam is
b) Eastern Orthodox
ANSWER: a) assigns everyone to a distinct class
Hinduism's caste system
a) assigns everyone to a distinct class
b) decrees the pilgrimages which should be taken
c) is a substitute for the lack of a holy book
d) identifies a family's important deities
ANSWER: a) branch
Eastern Orthodox is an example of a Christian
ANSWER: a) remained concentrated in one region of the world
Unlike any other universalizing religions, Buddhism
a) remained concentrated in one region of the world
b) was not begun by an individual founder
c) was founded in China
d) worships more than one god
ANSWER: b) Mayahana
Followers of which religious branch do not trace their origin to Abraham?
a) Eastern Orthodox
ANSWER: b) denomination
Lutheranism is an example of a Christian
ANSWER: b) cosmogony
Beliefs concerning the origin of the universe are
ANSWER: b) religious ideas may be responsible for some of the changes people make in the physical environment
With respect to the relationship between culture, religion, and the physical environment
a) few religions derive meaningful events from the physical environment
b) religious ideas may be responsible for some of the changes people make in the physical environment
c) religion is no longer an important source of identification for a distinct cultural group
d) all of the above are true
ANSWER: c) monotheism
The belief in the existence of only one god is
ANSWER: c) Hinduism
The world's largest ethnic religion is
ANSWER: c) Shi'ite
The dominant branch of Islam in Iran is
b) Eastern Orthodox
TRUE OR FALSE: Since the 1917 Revolution, the communists have closed all churches in the Soviet Union.
ANSWER: a) perform public service
Especially important in Confucianism is to
a) perform public service
b) reflect on the mystical and magical aspects of life
c) respect forces of nature as divine
d) believe in one all-powerful God
ANSWER: b) control of important religious shrines
Which has not been an important cause of Lebanon's civil war?
a) more representation in the government
b) control of important religious shrines
c) more equitable distribution of economic resources
d) discrimination against minority groups
ANSWER: c) highly clustered in one part of the island
Protestants in Ireland are
a) dispersed throughout the island
b) recent immigrants from Great Britain
c) highly clustered in one part of the island
d) highly integrated with the Roman Catholic population
A large and fundamental division within a religion is a...
TRUE OR FALSE: Catholics in the US are concentrated in the Northeast and Southwest
ANSWER: c) frequently use religious toponyms
The people of Quebec are distinguished from residents of neighboring Canadian provinces and the United States because they
a) don't speak an Indo-European language
b) are not predominantly Christian
c) frequently use religious toponyms
d) want to become part of France again
TRUE OR FALSE: The Church plays a more critical role in Christianity than in other religions because attendance at a collective worship is considered extremely important.
ANSWER: a) British Mandate
The UN partition plan divided Palestine into all but which of the following?
a) British Mandate
b) Arab state
c) Jerusalem district
d) Jewish state
ANSWER: b) compassion
Mahayanists, in contrast to Theravadists, emphasize Buddha's
a) life self-help
c) renouncing of worldly goods
ANSWER: d) all of the above
The situation in Northern Ireland is the result of
a) counties in Northern Ireland voting to remain in the United Kingdom
b) Catholic protest against discrimination by Protestants
c) British colonial control which contributed to poor economic conditions
d) all of the above
ANSWER: c) Hinduism
Cremation is more important than burial in which religion?
ANSWER: b) Christianity
The world's largest universalizing religion is