General term for the businesses that provide the vast array of goods and services that support the agriculture business
A hearth of agricultural origins in this particular area and at this particular time is of environmental and geographical interest.
the purposeful tending of crops and livestock in order to produce food and fiber
The agricultural activity of an area viewed as an industrial sector of the economy.
genetic modification of a n animal such that it is rendered more amenable to human control
the local or regional geographic name for a product
The cultivation of aquatic animals or plants for food
the use of genetically engineered crops in agriculture and DNA manipulation in livestock in order to increase production Example: radiation of meats and vegetables to prolong their freshness
Form of agriculture that uses mechanical goods such as machinery, tools, vehicles, and facilities to produce large amounts of agricultural goods - a process requiring very little human labor
Cereal refers to grain and foods derived from them, a grass yielding grain of food; ex- oat, wheat, and barley
areas of the world with similar climate characteristics
was a dramatically widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations (including slaves), communicable disease, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres (Old World and New World
used to describe large- scale farming and ranching operations that employ vast land bases, large mechanized equipment, factor-type labor forces, and the latest technology
communal farming types of agricultural production in which the holdings of several farmers are run as a joint enterprise
when one crop is planted on a plot of land and then switched to another plot in subsequent years
branch of agriculture that encompasses the breeding, raising, and utilization of primarily cows, for the production of milk
are financial transactions in which a portion of a developing nation's foreign debt is forgiven in exchange for local investments in conservation measures
any human process that turns a vegetated environment into a desert-like landscape
Dispersed Settlement Pattern-
where buildings in a settlement are not clustered around a particular point but are scattered in a random fashion
process where plants are artificially selected and become accustomed to human provision and control, process whereby a population of animals , through a process of selection, becomes accustomed to human provision and control
the process which ends traditional rights such as mowing meadows for hay, or grazing livestock on common land formerly held in the open field system
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
a Danish economist, writer; studied economical and agricultural development, worked at the United Nations as well as other international organizations, and she wrote several books, most notably The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: The Economics of Agrarian Change under Population Pressure.
Extensive Agriculture -
agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm
Extensive Subsistence Agriculture-
occurs when there are low amounts of labor inputs per unit of land
an extreme scarcity or shortage of food/water
A chemical or natural substance added to soil or land to increase its fertility
First Agricultural Movement-
achieved plant and animal domestication