Causes of Civil War
Industry vs Agriculture, Production vs. trade, Obligation to the Union, and Slavery-Slavery was the main cause
Names for the Civil War
the American War, War between the states, Johnny Reb vs Billy Yank, The Blue vs the Gray, The Union vs. The confederacy
When does the War start and end?
April 12, 1861
The civil war, because its fought brother against brother and more americans were killed than all wars combined. 664,000 dead
What was the worst war in America and why?
Whats Number one cause of death
disease (typhus, smallpox, influenza)
How much did the war cost
a confederate demand for surrender. off the coast of Charleston South Carolina and failed. Was the official start of the civil war.
who was the general for the confederates at fort sumter?
Majore Robert Anderson
surrenders Fort Sumter the next day-no one is killed-fort is destroyed.
called upon the states to provide 75,000, three month volunteers and implements the Continental Blockade
General Winfield Scott
called the Continental Blockade the Anaconda Plan.
made by winfield scott, intentions were to suffocate the southern economy and strangle the south.
2nd wave of succession
after Lincolns response at Fort Sumter, 4 more southern states seceded: Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas. Theres 11 total CSA
was the state with the most experienced military officers, the greatest wealth, greatest food production, greatest industry, iron works and mining. Called the "Old Dominion"
Robert E. Lee
leaves to defend Virginia, son of Harry Lee-known as "Light horse"
what is the new confederate capitol which was formerly Montgomery.
what made the methods of fighting obsolete?
which battle had 25,000 casualties and was the biggest battle in one day
which battle had 52,000 casualties and was the biggest battle overall
which battle has 23,000 casualties and was the first major battle of the civil war
which battle has 7,000 casualties in 20 minutes
which battle had 12,000 casualties in just a few hours.
which military weapon changed the character of the civil war?
The Musket rifle
what weapon was called the "minnie ball" or the springfield 1861?
Railroads and ships
what played a major role in transportation of food, and horses, weapons, and men. As well as determined the outcome of the battle and survivial of a city
what was a major form of communication?
a firearm loaded from the top of the barrel with a ramrod
a measured amount of black poweder and a bullet in a paper wrapping
spiral grooves in the barrel to create a spinning effect
soldier could load and fire a rifle three times in a minute accurately shoots 350 yards
bones were shattered requiring limbs to be severed,
b/c lil was known about the spread of bacteria very lil precautions were taken.
a variety of pain killers-often none
the united states of america, federals, union, north, yankees, billy yank, blue
what was the norths capitol
who was the president of the north
what was the main cause of the war
to preserve the union
strategies to defeat the south
capture the CSA capitol richmond, strangle the southern economy with blockade, capture major cities and railroad towns, destroy confederate army and break the will of resistance in the south.
war of attrition
make the price of resistance too high
The confederate states of america, CSA, the South, The Grey, The Secesh, Rebs, Johnny Reb
What was the Southern flag
the stars and bars and the bonnie blue flag
the southern president
Jefferson Davis's VP
capitol of the south
reasons for fighting the north
strategy and tactics
fight defensively, drag out war until european intervention because of their dependence on cotton, war of attrition, protect valuable ports and cities, invade the north and crush their morale, take risk and hold on
North Vs. South: Natural Resources
mining, minerals, foundries, and food all significantly favored the north
N vs. S: Maufacturing
10 to 1 advantage north, -30 to 1 in arms production
north 22 million (immigrants) south 9 million (4 million slaves)
N vs. S: states
whose communication was more developed and use of the telegraph.
which armies were named after rivers "Army of the Potomac"
which armies were named after states "Army of Northern Virginia"
vp: Hannibal Hamlin (First), Andrew Johnson (Second)
Sec. of state: william seward
sec. of war: simon cameron-replaced by Edwin Stanton (1861)
sec. of navy: Gideon Welles
Sec. of Treasure: Salmon P Chase
Attorney General: Edward Bates
Theaters of Action in East
the major area of action and battles, location of capitols, major armies, least success for the north
Theaters of Action in WEst
appalachian Mts; backdoor to south, area of greatest for the north early on, enabled success in the east
theaters of Action in Trans Mississippi
mixed results for both but a major distraction for the south
was a neutral state and slave state. Lincoln secures its neutrality by suspending Habeas corpus and throwing 19 state legislatures in jail an imposing martial law
slave state and neutral state
which state was divided by the north because strong arm tactic by south-very bloody civil war within this state
lincolns birthright, viewed as the most important neutral state because of strategic location. Lincoln thought if he lost this state, he lost the war
How did lincoln secure the neutrality states?
he ensured that he was not for the abolition of slavery but secession and by the use of strong arm tactics, manipulation, promises, and bribery
was the first battle of the war-known as the " Wake up Call". Also called "Battle of Manassas Creek"
Gen. Irwin McDowell
who was the general at bull run who marched onto richmond with the union troops?
Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard
who was the confederate general that marched to bull run and won that battle?
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
who created Flanking Movements for the battle of bull run and cause the union troops to flee?
who does Lincoln replace McDowell with after the disaster at Bull run? He also went to West Point..?
War is longer
why does lincoln call for more than 500,000 volunteers by the end of the civil war?
McClellan trained the men for nine months w/o attacking
why did lincoln say that McClellan had the slows?
The Peninsular Campaign
what secret plan did McClellan develop which was to capture richmond and win the war by sailing down the Chesapeake Bay and land on the Yorktown Peninsula between the James and York Rivers outflanking the Rev's and march on Richmond before the Confederates.
which battle did the union troops come from after they land on the peninsula
General Joe Johnston
who was the confederates general during the peninsular campaign?
Gen. Robert E Lee
who was General Joe Johnston replaced with during the peninsular campaign
Gen. John pope
who is McClellan replaced with after the disaster of the Peninsular Campaign?
which battle chanded the course of naval warfare forever?
what ship was named the CSS Virginia and destroyed Union vessels.
which ship came when the Merrimac was ready to destroy the USS Minnesota.
Battle of Mobile Bay and Vicksburg
which battles used monitors and allowed the union to play a major role?
Gen. John Pope
who was the new Union general during the 2nd battle of Bull Run "Manassas", and was defeated by Stonewall Jackson?
what did the south use to circumvent the union blockade--import food, weapons, supploes, and expert cotton?
The Trent Affair
the US captured British ship with 2 confederare delegates (Mason and Slidell). Incident led to hostile relations w/ Eng. but soon subsided?
was the bloodiest battle in a single day-25,000 killed. the first non loss for union. This battle led to the Emancipation Proclamation
Robert E. Lee
who was the confederate general during the battle of antietam
What city does Lee invade to get supplies, recruits, morale blow, win victory i north and relieve blockade.
Rule For Lee
loses when on offensive '62 '63.
Hancock, Hagerstown, Harpers Ferry
lee divides 3 of his forces for with what objectives?
who does Lincoln fire for the last time after they allow Robert E Lee to escape across Potomac River to Virginia and becomes Lincoln's critic and political rival in 1864 election-copperhead party?
called for immediate end of slavery in states of rebellion-to lure back seceded states and keep neutral states with promise of right of slaves with future and gradual abolition only if returned to union.
What was result of proclamation?
did not end slavery or free slaves except in the states of rebellion but changed rebellion to war about slavery-making difficult for european alliance with confederates and allowed use of black troops.
Gen. Ambrose Burnside was the general of the union. was unqualified and had lack of self confidence at this battle?
Lee States what quote at battle of Fredericksburg?
"it was a good thing war was terrible or men should grow fond of it"
"The Mud March"
the march back to washington made by the A.o.P and was demoralized and defeated
Gen. Joe Hooker
general burnside was replaced by this man, also called "fighting" on Dec. 13, 1862 after battle of fredericksburg
west point grad, mexican war veteran, stationed in west, alcoholic, and failure in civilian life
Ft. Donelson and Henry
what 2 forts did Grant capture on Tennessee and Cumberland rivers?
known as "Unconditional Surrender" and fights at the battle of Shiloh-bloodiest battle in west.
Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston
was the general for the confederates during the battle at shiloh.
union army led by general joe hooker. Lee has his greatest masteriece here but loses Thomas Stonewall Jackson.
Gen. George Meade
Lincoln replaces Joe hooker with this man.
biggest battle of the war and occured July 2-3, 1863. Known as most important battle of the war. Known as the turning point of the war.
what city does Robert E Lee invade which is also shielded by Blue Ridge Mountain?
who performs a "Circuitous Route" around the A.O.P.during the battle of gettysburg?
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
who was the 20th Maine and 1st Minnesota Regiment.______ hero of battle as was corps Commander Gen. Hancock.
Gettysburg smaller battles
Lil Round Top, Peach Orchard, Devils DEn, Wheat field
battle of gettysburg climaxes on 3rd day of fighting with charge ordered by Lee on Union center.
Gen. Louis Armistead
who led the picketts division and wiped out over 10,000 CSA troops?
Gen. James Longstreet
who is first blamed for delaying the charge onthe Union center, before they realize it is Robert E. Lee?
Gen. U.S. Grant
who does lincoln replace Gen. Meade with after he let Lee escape the potomac river and after this guy won Vicksburg battle?
who lost the battle of gettysburg? It was a turning point because you cant replace troops and no more hope of European intervention.
Battle of Vicksburg
grant moves to this battle which is surrounded by swamps. Occurred on July 4, 1863?
which city does the Union capture in the beginning of the battle of vicksburg but the Miss. River is stilled controlled?
Result of Battle of Vicksburg
grant is able to defeat confederacy and lay siege to city which surrenders-cutting south in 2 and opening door to confederacy.
Speech given by Abraham Lincoln which captured the spirit of liberty and morality ideally held by citizens of a democracy. That ideal was threatened by the Civil War., a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
The Morrill Tariff
what was passed during last days of Buchanan Administration protectionist and rasied duties by 46%?
Inflation Paper Currency
the greenback added ,39 cents on a dollar-both union and confederacy suffered devaluing currencies along with major shortages.
both sides issued drafts, in the north people could hire a substitute for $300
in New York on July 13-15, 1863 over 100 blacks were murdered.
war profiteers and corruption
both the north and south made money on the war-waste and fraud
goober peas and hard tack
what did soldiers usually eat
banjo and harmonica
instruments the soldiers used
socks and shoes
what was a major shortage for the people of the south
the rebel yell
fierce pride and determination
Ft. Pillow Massacre
on April 22, 1864 confederates led by Nathan Bedford Forest murdered black troops in cold blood w/ racial expletives.
At Petersburg when coal miners blow a hole in earthworks and black troops are slaughtered by incompetent generalship.
worst prison in the civil war. located in Sumter Georgia. Camp Warden German Gen. Wirz is executed for following orders. 1/2 prisoners die from disease, starvation, and brutality.
several civil war photographs were taken by this man.
Role of Women
served as fundraisers, textiles, cooks, spies, ran farms, and supported husbands and nurses
who founded the American Red Cross
Role of Blacks
cooks, laborers, grave diggers, spies. General Ben Butler and others organized primitive training of blacks
Robert Gould Shaw
who led the most famous 54th Mass.?
Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and Franklin
three major battles that took place in 1863 for control of SE tenn. and north goergia
the union forces were led by this man..?
General Braxton Bragg
who was the confederate general on route to Chattanooga.
Gen. George Thomas
who saves union from destruction. Called the "Rock of Chickamauga" on sept. 19-20. replaces Gen. Rosecrans
the union troops capture chattanooga, tennesse but are trapped by what?
Union captures this city after fall of atlanta in novemeber 1864. Confederates led by Gen. J.B. Hood suffer horrific casualties.
Battle of franklin
union trys to recapture a city at this battle?
democrats who favored negotiations with CSA led by old rival George McClellan
William Tecumseh Sherman
who captured the city of Atlanta in sept 1864?
Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
who wins the 1864 election and whose the vp?
General Joe Johnston
who opposed william sherman when he was going to take atlanta?This person fought many retreats manuevers toward the city.
Gen. John Bell
who replaced General Joe Johnston and this person attacked Sherman . Made Atlanta fall Sept. 2, 1864
what allowed Lincoln to have re=election and spelled the inevitable end for the CSA?
major naval battle that took place to capture Mobile Bay.
who says "Dam the Torpedeos, Full Speed Ahead" and captures the strategic port city at the battle of mobile bay?
after atlanta fell this man began a march through georgia trying to break the will and the ability of the south?
John Wilkes Booth
who was Lincolns assasinator
Fords Theater, April 14,1865
Where was Lincoln assassinated and what was the date?
Sec. of War
who says "He noew belongs to the Ages"?
Sic semper tyranus
what did John Booth say after he broke his leg?
1st woman to be killed after Lincolns assassination
D.C. , Johnson
where was Lincolns body taken after he died., and who became president?
who was called "the great emancipator"
Great Sioux Uprising
in 1862 chied little crow led attacks on settlers in minnesota-put down-planned to hang 300-Lincoln negotiates only 50 executed.
what was the birth and death of the confederact?
Role of Calvary
the south dominated; war progressed the union calvary improved: John Welsley Merritt, George Armstrong Custer, Philip Sheridan
Fall of Shenandoah
Sheridan defeated CSA calvary in this place known as "The Breadbasket of South".
Lee couldnt escape. surrenders army at northern virginia to Grant on April 19, 1865-official end of the war
after Appomattox Courthouse CSA president flees to Mexico but is captured and throne in prison