AP Psychology Unit 7 Vocabulary

66 terms by JeffreyShao

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Memory (7)

Stored information that can be retrieved. Stored in brain

Encoding (7)

The act of processing information into your memory

Storage (7)

Having information be retained and stored into our memory

Retrieval (7)

The process of getting information out of your brain

Sensory Memory (7)

Very brief, immediate, recording of information

Short-term Memory (7)

Part of memory that only holds 7-10 things at a time

Long-term Memory (7)

Permanent and limitless storehouse of information (e.g. your name, D.O.B., age)

Working Memory (7)

Active processing/remembering

Parallel Processing (7)

Processing many things at once

Automatic Processing (7)

Unconscious encoding that requires no effort

Effortful Processing (7)

Processing that requires effort

Rehearsal (7)

Constantly repeating something to remember it

Spacing Effect (7)

Spaced out, long term studying being more effective than cramming

Serial Position (7)

Being able to remember the first and last things better

Visual Encoding (7)

Remembering pictures

Acoustic Encoding (7)

Remembering sounds

Semantic Encoding (7)

Remembering meanings

Imagery (7)

Mental pictures

Mnemonics (7)

Tricks used to help remember something

Chunking (7)

Organizing things into familiar groups/units

Iconic Memory (7)

Very brief visual storage

Echoic Memory (7)

Very brief auditory storage

Long-term Potentation (7)

Prolonged strengthening of potential neural firing

Flashbulb Memory (7)

Very clear memory as a result of something very emotional or significant

Amnesia (7)

Forgetting your memories

Implicit Memory (7)

"How to do stuff" memory. Motor skills

Explicit Memory (7)

"To know" memory. Remembering facts and events

Hippocampus (7)

Thingamajig in your brain that helps process facts and events for storage

Recall (7)

To retrieve information learned earlier for usage (fill-in-the-blank test)

Recognition (7)

To retrieve information to identify something previously learned (multiple choice test)

Relearning (7)

To learn something again

Deja Vu (7)

That eerie sense that "I've seen this before." Cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience

Mood-congruent Memory (7)

To remember something based on mood

Proactive Interference (7)

When something you learned earlier disrupts something you try to learn later

Retroactive Interference (7)

When something you just learned makes it hard to recall something you learned earlier

Repression (7)

Theory that we as humans hide memories from ourselves as a defense from bad thoughts and feelings

Misinformation Effect (7)

Using misleading information to tamper with one's memory of an event

Source Amnesia (7)

Remembering something but not the source of where you remember it

Cognition (7)

All mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

Concept (7)

Mental group of similar things

Prototype (7)

Best example of a category (Robins are the best examples for birds)

Algorithm (7)

Step by step procedure that lets you find all possibilities

Heuristic (7)

Simpler, faster problem solving

Insight (7)

Revelation moment

Creativity (7)

To be able to produce original and good ideas

Confirmation Bias (7)

The tendency to look for information that supports our views and to ignore contradictory information

Fixation (7)

Inability to look at a problem in a different way

Mental Set (7)

Tendency to use one way to solve a problem, in particular, a method that has worked in the past

Functional Fixedness (7)

Tendency to think of things as what they're meant for but not what they can do (like a coin can screw a nail)

Representativeness Heuristic (7)

To judge based on what seems to best match prototype (Ivy Professor Vs. Truck Driver)

Availability Heuristic (7)

Judging based on availability of information

Overconfidence (7)

Tendency to be more confident than you should be. Like overestimating

Belief Perserverence (7)

Denial (like being in denial)

Intuition (7)

Automatic thought/feeling (opposite of reasoning); gut feeling

Framing (7)

How something is shown (1 in 10 are fat, or 9 in 10 are lean)

Language (7)

Spoken, written, or signed words used for communication (culturally-specific)

Phoneme (7)

In language, the smallest sound unit (a, b, ch, th, t, etc.)

Morpheme (7)

In language, the smallest unit that has meaning (prefixes, suffixes)

Grammar (7)

In language, system of rules that helps us communicate with each other

Semantics (7)

Rules that define meaning of morphemes (prefixes and such)

Syntax (7)

In language, rules for how we order words

Babbling Stage (7)

First four months of a baby's life where all they do is babble

One-Word Stage (7)

1-2 year old's stage where they mostly speak one word

Two-Word Stage (7)

At about age 2, when you start using two-word statements

Telegraphic Speech (7)

Stage in a brat's life where they mostly use nouns and verbs

Linguistic Determination (7)

Whorf's theory/hypothesis that language determines how we think

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