Chapter 18 study guide: part 2

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in what part of the body does digestion begin?

mouth

describe in sentences the location and function of the pancreas.

location is in the accesory organs and it is involved in digestion

explain the term accessory organs as they relate to digestion.

aid by producing chemicals which help digest food.

list the names of the major organs of the digestive tract.

mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine.

list the names of 3 accessory organs.

liver, gall bladder, and pancreas

explain the function of saliva and describe what saliva is made up of.

siliva contains enzymes which helps break down food

what process helps mix food up in the stomach?

paristalsis

name a digestive solution present in the stomach which helps aid in the breakdown of food.

hyrochloric acid

in what part of the small intestine does most digestion take place?

duodenum

answer the question at the end of the figure 15 caption.

the decrease of surface area makes less nutrients and so you loose weight

what is the role of bacteria in your large intestine? describe what these bacteria do.

to make vitamins and break down undigested food like celloluse.

describe the diet of poor children in india observed by R. Rajalakshmi.

breakfast- cup of tea lunch-bread dinner- rice w/ small fish

explain why the advice given to poor women in india concerning eating more meat and drinking orange juice was not practical.

people there didnt eat such foods, they werent easy to find, and 2 expensive also cultural reasons.

desribe the nutritional program that R. set up in India.

locally grown fruits, vegetables, and grain. Legumes (plants related to peas and peanutes), vegtables, and an indian food called dhokla.

what were the results of R.'s work?

indian kids were growing, healthy, and strong.

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