Ancient Greece Vocabulary

Created by miss-schimenz 

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Our Vocabulary Words for 6th grade.

an area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by an isthmus.

Peninsula

a long poem that tells a story.

Epic

an ancient fortress in Athens, containing the Parthenon and other notable statues and buildings.

Acropolis

a city with its own traditions, government, and laws. Both a city, and a separate independent state.

City-state

a member of a rich and powerful family.

Aristocrat

a ruler who takes power with the support of the middle and working classes. Not necessarily cruel or violent.

Tyrant

a form of government in which citizens govern themselves.

Democracy

greek poet, credited with composing the epics Iliad and the Odyssey.

Homer

the legendary ten-year battle of Troy by a temporary alliance of Greeks. Described in Homer's Iliad.

Trojan War

an ancient city in Greece, where the Trojan War took place.

Troy

a hero of the Trojan War. Killed his enemy Hector, but was later wounded by Paris and died.

Achilles

a king of Ithaca. Main character of the Odyssey. Known for his cunningness and resources.

Odysseus

a daughter of Zeus. In the Homeric poems, she was a beautiful wife of Menelaus. Abducted by Paris and all because of Aphrodite and the Uninvited one.

Helen

a prince from Troy (Trojan Prince) and the son of Priam and Hecuba.

Paris

a king of Sparta. Husband of Helen and brother of Agamemnon. Helen was stolen from him, this event led to the Trojan War.

Menelaus

a promise that is kept with money.

Tribute

someone or something that lives forever.

Immortal

someone or something that lives and dies.

Mortal

someone who uses reason to understand the world. In Greece, the earliest "thinkers" used reason to explain natural events.

Philosopher

a type of serious drama that ends in disaster for the main character.

Tragedy

Surround a city and try to break down their walls and/or cut off their supply to food and water. This will hopefully lead to surrendering.

Siege

Athenian leader , played a major role in the development of democracy and the Athenian empire.

Pericles

the chief temple of the Greek goddess Athena on the hill of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece.

Parthenon

Athenian philosopher of the late 400s B.C. Taught through questioning. Helped form many values of Western culture. Was put to death for challenging Athenian values.

Socrates

a public market and meeting place in an ancient Greek city.

Agora

a widespread disease.

Plague

the cutting off of an area by enemy forces that closes it to travel and trade.

Blockade

an ancient city-state in Greece. The city-state's focus was on best body a little bit more than best mind.

Sparta

the historical name for the region in and around present day Iran.

Persia

a city in the Attic Peninsula where Greeks defeated the Persians in 490 B.C.

Marathon

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