an area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by an isthmus.
a long poem that tells a story.
an ancient fortress in Athens, containing the Parthenon and other notable statues and buildings.
a city with its own traditions, government, and laws. Both a city, and a separate independent state.
a member of a rich and powerful family.
a ruler who takes power with the support of the middle and working classes. Not necessarily cruel or violent.
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves.
greek poet, credited with composing the epics Iliad and the Odyssey.
the legendary ten-year battle of Troy by a temporary alliance of Greeks. Described in Homer's Iliad.
an ancient city in Greece, where the Trojan War took place.
a hero of the Trojan War. Killed his enemy Hector, but was later wounded by Paris and died.
a king of Ithaca. Main character of the Odyssey. Known for his cunningness and resources.
a daughter of Zeus. In the Homeric poems, she was a beautiful wife of Menelaus. Abducted by Paris and all because of Aphrodite and the Uninvited one.
a prince from Troy (Trojan Prince) and the son of Priam and Hecuba.
a king of Sparta. Husband of Helen and brother of Agamemnon. Helen was stolen from him, this event led to the Trojan War.
a promise that is kept with money.
someone or something that lives forever.
someone or something that lives and dies.
someone who uses reason to understand the world. In Greece, the earliest "thinkers" used reason to explain natural events.
a type of serious drama that ends in disaster for the main character.
Surround a city and try to break down their walls and/or cut off their supply to food and water. This will hopefully lead to surrendering.
Athenian leader , played a major role in the development of democracy and the Athenian empire.
the chief temple of the Greek goddess Athena on the hill of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece.
Athenian philosopher of the late 400s B.C. Taught through questioning. Helped form many values of Western culture. Was put to death for challenging Athenian values.
a public market and meeting place in an ancient Greek city.
a widespread disease.
the cutting off of an area by enemy forces that closes it to travel and trade.
an ancient city-state in Greece. The city-state's focus was on best body a little bit more than best mind.
the historical name for the region in and around present day Iran.
a city in the Attic Peninsula where Greeks defeated the Persians in 490 B.C.