What is the "rule of thumb" to determine if a bird has cardiomegaly on a VD radiograph?
Width of heart should be 51-61% of the coelomic cavity at same spot, or 5x-7x the width of the coracoid.
Name two psittacine species at increased risk for atherosclerosis.
What are some clinical signs of atherosclerosis in birds?
Thinness (African Greys)
Hyper- or hypotension
With what infectious disease is pericardial effusion associated in psittacines?
Name three risk factors associated with lipofuscinosis in birds.
With what nutritional deficiency is cardiomyopathy associated in emus and cockatiels?
Vitamin E and Selenium deficiency
Which of the following has NOT been linked to the development of cardiomyopathy in birds?
b) Proventricular dilatation disease
c) Avian influenza
d) Avian serositis virus
Which side of the heart is more commonly the cause of congestive heart failure in birds?
What is the preferred inotrope to use in birds with heart failure?
In birds, supraventricular arrhythmias can be converted with ______, while ventricular arrhythmias can be converted with _____.
SV - digoxin
V - lidocaine