Geosystems Groundwater

18 terms by Aval 

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zone of saturation

Area where the spaces in sediment and rock are completely filled with water

groundwater

water within the zone of saturation

water table

the upper limit of the zone of saturation

zone of aeration

the area above the water table

porosity

percentage of total volume of rock that has pore spaces

permeability

ability of a material to transmit fluid

aquitards

impermeable layers like clay that stop water

aquifers

rock layer that can transmit water freely

springs

natural flows of groundwater

hot springs

springs that have hot water

geysers

hot springs where water is ejected with great force

well

hole bored into the zone of saturation

drawdown

effect where the water table around the well is lowered

cone of depression

conical depression in the water table

artesian

any situation where water rises higher than was initially found

stalactites

icicle rocks on ceilings

stalagmites

icicle rocks on floors

karst topography

areas that have been shaped dramatically by groundwater

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