Davi-Ellen Med Term Ch. 12 & 13 & 14

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Medical Terminology Chapters 12 & 13 & 14

Adenoids

Collections of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx

Alveolus

Air sac in the lung

Apex of the lung

Uppermost portion of the lung

Bronchioles

Smallest branches of the bronchi

Bronchus

Branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the airspaces of the lung

Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

Gas produced by the body to be expelled

Cilia

Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane in the respiratory tract

Epiglottis

Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx

Hilum (of lung)

Midline region where bronchi, blood vessels and nerves enter and exit the lung

Larynx

Voicebox

Mediastinum

Region between the lungs in the chest cavity

Palatine Tonsil

One of a pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphoid tissue in the oropharynx

Parietal Pleura

Outer fold of pleura lying closest to the ribs and wall of thoracic cavity

Pulmonary Parenchyma

Essential cells of the lung

Trachea

Windpipe

Visceral Pleura

Inner fold of pleura lying closest to the lung tissue

adenoid/o

adenoids

alveol/o

alveolus, air sac

bronchi/o or bronchi/o

bronchial tube, bronchus

bronchiol/o

bronchiole, small bronchus

capn/o

carbon dioxide

coni/o

dust

cyan/o

blue

epiglott/o

epiglottis

larygn/o

larynx, voicebox

lob/o

lobe of the lung

mediastin/o

mediastinum

nas/o

nose

orth/o

straight, upright

ox/o

oxygen

pector/o

chest

pharyng/o

pharynx, throat

phon/o

voice

phren/o

diaphragm

pleur/o

pleura

pneum/o or pneumon/o

air, lung

pulmon/o

lung

rhin/o

nose

sinus/o

sinus, cavity

spir/o

breathing

tel/o

complete

thorac/o

chest

tonsil/o

tonsils

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

-ema

condition

-osmia

smell

-pnea

breathing

-ptysis

spitting

-sphyxia

pulse

-thorax

pleural cavity, chest

Auscultation

Listening to sounds within the body

Rales (crackles)

Abnormal crackling sounds heard during inspriation, fluid, blood or pus in the alveoli

Pleural Rub

Scratchy soun produced by the motion of inflammed pleural surfaces against each other

Sputum

Material expelled from the chest by coughing

Stridor

Strained or high-pitched whistling sounds when air if forced through a narrow space

Croup

Acute viral infection in infants, characterized by stridor, barking cough and obstruction of the layrnx

Diphtheria

Acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract by bacterium

Epitaxis

Nosebleed

Pertussis

Bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx and trachea caused by bacterium

Bronchiectasis

Chronic dilation of bronchus secondary to infection in lower lobes of the lung

Cystic Fibrosis

Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions that do not drain normally

Atelectasis

Incomplete (atel/o) expansion (-ectasis) of alveoli; collapsed, functionless portion of lung

Emphysema

Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls

Pneumoconiosis

Abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, chronic inflammation/infection/bronchitis

Pneumonia

Acute inflammation and infection of alveoli

Pulmonary Abscess

A large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs

Pulmonary Edema

Swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles

Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

Clot or other material lodges in lung vessels

Pulmonary Fibrosis

Formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lung

Sarcoidosis

Chronic inflammatory disease in which nodules or tubercles develop in the lungs, lymph nodes and other organs

Tuberculosis (TB)

Infectious disease cause by bacteria

Mesothelioma

Rare malignant tumor in the pleura related to asbestos

Pleural Effusion

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space

Pleurisy (pleuritis)

Inflammation of the pleura

Pneumothorax

Collection of air in the pleural space

Anthracosis

Coal dust accumulation in the lungs

Asbestosis

Asbestos particles accumulate in the lungs

Bacilli

Rod-shaped bacteria (TB)

Cor Pulmonale

Failure of the right side of the heart to pump enough blood to the lungs

Exudate

Fluid, cells or other substances that slowly leave cells or capillaries through pores or small breaks in cell membranes

Hydrothorax

Collection of fluid in the pleural cavity

Paroxysmal

Pertaining to sudden occurrence, like spasms (-oxysmal means sudden)

Purulent

Containing pus

Rhonchi

Coarse, loud rales caused by secretions in bronchial tubes

Silicosis

Silica or glass dust in the lungs

ABGs

Arterial Blood Gases

AFB

Acid-fast Bacillus (TB organism)

ARDS

Adult (or acute) Respiratory Distress Syndrome

BAL

Bronchial Aveolar Lavage

Bronch

Bronchoscopy

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

CPAP

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

CTA

Clear to Auscultation

CXR

Chest x-ray

DLco

Diffusion in Capacity of the Lung for Carbon Monoxide

DOE

Dyspnea on Exersion

DPI

Dry Powder Inhaler

DPT

Diphteria, Pertussis, Tetanus (infants injection immunity)

FEV1

Forced Expirations Volume in first second

FVC

Forced Vital Capacity

ICU

Intensive Care Unit

LLL

Left Lower Lobe

LUL

Left Upper Lobe

MDI

Metered-Dose Inhaler

NIV

Noninvasive Ventilation

NSCLC

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

OSA

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Paco2

Carbon Dioxide partial pressure

Pao2

Oxygen partial pressure

PCP

Pneumocytosis Carinii pneumonia (patients with AIDS)

PE

Pulmonary Embolism

PEEP

Positive End Expiratory Pressure

PFTs

Pulmonary Function Tests

PPD

Purified Protein Derivative

RDS

Respiratory Distress Syndrome

RLL

Right Lower lobe

RSV

Respiratory Synctial Virus

RUL

Right Upper Lobe

SCLC

Small Cell Lung Cancer

SIMV

Synchronized Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation

SOB

Shortness of Breath

TB

Tuberculosis

TLC

Total Lung Capacity

URI

Upper Respiratory Infection

VAP

Ventilation-Associated Pneumonia

VATS

Video-Assisted Thorascopy

V/Q Scan

Ventilation-Perfussion Scan

Albumin

Protein in blood, maintains water level

Antibody

Protein produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria

Antigen

Foreign substance that stimulates antibody production

Basophil

Granulocytic white blood cell with granules that stain blue when exposed to dye

Colony-Stimulating Factor (CSF)

Protein that stimulates the growth of white blood cells

Eosinophil

Granulocytic white blood cells that stain red when exposed to dye

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell

Erythropoietin (EPO)

Hormone secreted by kidneys to stimulate red blood cell production

Fibrin

Protein threads, basis of a blood clot

Fibrinogen

Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in clotting process

Granulocyte

White blood cell with numerous dark staining granules

Heme

Iron-containing nonprotein portion of hemoglobin

Hemoglobin

Blood protein containing iron, carries oxygen

Hemolysis

Destruction of blood (red blood)

Heparin

Anticoagulant in blood and tissues

Immunoglobin

Protein with antibody activity

Leukocyte

White Blood cell

Lymphocyte

Mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies

Macrophage

Monocyte that migrates from blood to tissue spaces

Megakaryocyte

Large platelet precurser cell formed in bone marrow

Mononuclear

Pertaining to a cell (leukocyte) with a single nucleus

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