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texture

density and disposition of musical lines

homophony

same sound. all voices move at the same time.

polyphony

many sounding. two or more simultaneously sounding lines

imitative counterpoint

voices duplicate some portion of previous voice

canon

voices exactly duplicate preceding voices

free counterpoint

each line melodically independent of any other

form

purposeful organization of music

monophonic

one sounding. single line of music, no accompaniment. unison

repetition

principle of form. identified by same letter

contrast

principle of form. sections labeled B, C, D...

variation

principle of form. given superscript B1, A1....

strophic form

most familiar

binary form

2 contrasting units. sections often repeated

ternary form

b section in contrasting style. third section, A, repeats the opening

rondo form

refrain alternates with contrasting music. one of oldest musical forms. simple style.

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