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Terms for IB/AP Anatomy and Physiology

Acromial

The point at the top of the shoulder

Anastomosis

A connection between two distinct structures

Antecubital

The front of the elbow

Anterior

At the front; Opposite of posterior

Apoptosis

Prgrammed cell death

Arterio

Pertaining to the arteries

Arthr (o)

Joints

Articulate

United by joints

Axillary

Underarm

Bifurcate

Divide into two branches

Brachial

Pertaining to the arm

Bronchial

Pertaining to the bronchi

Buccal

Cheek

Calcaneal

Heel

Cardiac

Pertaining to the heart

Carotid

Pertaining to the carotid artery, the primary artery of the neck

Carpal

wrist

Caudal

Pertaining to the tail or distal end

Celiac

Pertaining to the abdomen

Cephalic

Head

Cervical

Pertaining to the cervix

Crural

leg

Cutaneous

Pertaining to the skin

Cyanosis

Bluish color indicating low oxygen content in the blood

Cytology

study of cells

Dermatology

The branch of medicine that dealt with disease of the skin

Dichotomy

Divide into two parts

Digital

fingers

Distal

Farther from a point of reference, as from a center, medial line, or point of attachment. Opposite of proximal

Dorsal

Toward or situated on the back. Opposite of ventral

Dysplasia

A change in cell size, shape or arrangement due to chronic irritation or inflammation

Embryology

Science of the development of embryos

Endocrinology

Study of the glands of internal secretion

Epidemiology

Study of factors that influence the frequency and distribution of infectious diseases

Epigastric

Upper, central, anterior, abdominal area

Femoral

Thigh

Fibular

Side of leg

Frontal

forehead

Gastric

Pertaining to the stomach

Gerontology

The study of old age and its diseases

Gluteal

Buttock

Gynecic

pertaining to women

Heme

Blood

Hepatic

liver

Histology

Study of tissues

Hyperplasia

Excessive cell proliferation

Hypertrophy

Growth of an organ or tissue due to an increase in the size of its cells

Hypogastric

Lower, central, anterior abdominal region. Same as the pubic region

Immunology

Study of immunity

Inguinal

Groin

...itis

Inflammation

Jugular

pertaining to the neck

Lateral

At or toward the side, away from the midline of the body. Opposite of medial

Lingual

Tongue

Lumbar

Pertaining to the loins/low back/the area aroung the lumbar vertebrae

Mammary

Breast

Medial

On or toward the midline of the body or structure. Opposite of lateral

Mediastinum

A subdivision of the thoraic cavity containing the pericardial cavity

Mental

chin

Mesenteric

Pertaing to the fold of peritoneum attaching the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall

Morphology

Body from or shape

Necrosis

Death of a cell or group of cells due to injury or disease

Neonate

Newborn up to four weeks old

Nephrology

Study of kidneys

Occipital

Pertaining to the back of the head

Olecranon

Elbow

...ology

Study of ...

Oncology

Study of cancer

Opthamologist

MD who specializes in the study of and treatment of diseases of the eyes

Optic

Eyes

Optometrist

Doctor who tests and prescribes glasses

Oral

Mouth

Orbital

Eyes

Osis

Disease

Parietal

Pertaining to the walls of a cavity

Pateller

Knee

Pathology

The scientific stidy of the alterations produced by disease

Pectoral

Pertaining to the chest or breast

Pedal

Top of the foot, near the ankle and toes

Peri

Around

Perineal

Region between the anus and the external genitalia

Periodontist

Dentist who specializes in the care of the gums and tissues around a tooth

Plantar

The sole of the foot

Pleura

The area around the lungs

Plexus

A network or tangle, chiefly of veins or nerves

Podiatry

Study and care of the feet

Popliteal

Posterior aspect of the knee

Posterior

At the back, opposite of anterior

Proctology

The branch of medicine that deals with the rectum

Prone

Lying face downward, or on the ventral surface

Proximal

Nearest to a point of reference, such as the center or point of attachment. Opposite of distal

Psychiatrist

MD who treats mental illness and can perscribe treatment and medications

Psychologist

PhD prepared person who provides psychological counseling and cannot prescribe medications or medical treatment

Pulmonary

Pertaining to the lungs

Renal

Pertaining to the kidneys

Sacral

Between the hips

Stenosis

Narrowing or construction of a body passage or opening

Sternal

Breastbone

Supine

Lying with the face up, or on the dorsal surface

Sural

Calf

Thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

Umbilical

Naval

Uro...

Urine

Ventral

Pertaining to the abdomen or belly. Opposite of dorsal

Viscera

Pertaining to an organ, especially the abdominal organs

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