Drugs and their classification/Action

Created by amlfishe 

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Anti-infectives and Nervous System meds

amoxicillin (Amoxil)

PCN, Broad spectrum (against Gr+ and Gr-) bactericidal, inhibits cell wall synthesis

ceftriaxone (Rocephin)

3rd generation cephalosporin, broad spectrum bactericidal

erythromycin (E-mycin)

macrolide, bacteriostatic and bactericidal (in large doses)

vancomycin (Vancocin)

bactericidal, only for most serious (gm+) infections, including hospital acquired MRSA

tetracycline HCl (Sumycin)

bacteriostatic, broad spectrum, but increased use leads to increased resistance

gentamicin (Garamycin)

aminoglycoside, bactericidal; for more serious (gm- but also MRSA) infections

ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

fluoroquinolone, broad spectrum bactericidal

TMP-SMZ (Bactrim, Septra)

broad spectrum bacteriostatic and bactericidal; "sulfa" drug; inhibits folic acid synthesis needed for metabolism

izoniazid (INH)

antitubercular (prophylaxis and/or treatment); given in combination with other antituberculars for tx

rifampin (Rifadin)

broad spectrum bactericidal esp used as an anti tubercular (given with other antituberculars if for TB tx)

metronidazole (Flagyl)

antibacterial (including anaerobic) and anti protozoan; esp used for GI infections

acyclovir (Zovirax)

antiviral, helps decrease severity of s/s rather than curing; especially for herpes, varicella infections, zoster/shingles

nitrofurandantoin (Macrodantin)

broad spectrum urinary antiseptic. bacteriostatic and bactericidal

gamma globulin

immune globulin (immunizing agent); preformed antibodies provide for passive immunity

Hib vaccine (ActHIB)

Immunizing agent against (bacterial) H flu (Haemophilus influenza B)

pneumococcal va [PPV] (Prevnar, Pneumovax)

Immunizing agent against pneumococcal pneumonia

influenza vaccine (Fluvirin; FluMist)

Immunizing agent against (yearly anticipated) flu strain

RhoD immune globulin (RhoGAM)

Immune globulin (immunizing agent); acts as an immunosuppressant

levodopa/carbidopa (Sinemet)

anti-parkinson agent; acts to replace dopamine levels in CNS

benztropine (Cogentin)

antiparkinson; for tx of Parkinson's EPS, including drug endured EPS

donepezil (Aricept)

Anti-Alzheimer's agent; cholinesterase inhibitor (so it leads to an increase in Ach)

phenobarbital

Barbiturate anticonvulsant; sedative/hypnotic

phenytoin (Dilantin)

anticonvulsant, esp for tonic-clonic and partial seizures; also a cardiac antidysrhythmic

diazepam (Valium)

Benzodiazepine anticonvulsant (also, skeletal muscle relaxant, sedative, anti-anxiety agent)

baclofen (Lioresal)

Skeletal muscle relaxant; antispasticity agent

prednisone (Deltasone)

Anti-inflammatory; immunosuppressant in large doses

ASA; aspirin

NSAID; Cox1 and Cox2 enzyme inhibitor; platelet aggregate inhibitor

ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil)

NSAID; Cox1 and Cox2 enzyme inhibitor

celecoxib (Celebrex)

2nd generation NSAID, Cox2 inhibitor

ketorolac (Toradol)

NSAID, Cox1 and Cox2 enzyme inhibitor

etanercept (Enbrel)

Immunosuppressant, DMARD (TNF blckr); tx of RA, Crohn's, UC, psoriasis

acetaminophen (Tylenol, APAP)

analgesic for mild pain; antipyretic

morphine

Opioid analgesic; tx of mod to severe pain

meperidine (Demerol)

opioid for mod to severe pain; esp for biliary pain as does not cause spasm at sphincter of Oddi; in L and D

fantanyl (Duragesic, Sublimaze)

Opioid analgesic; tx of severe pain

Oxycodone (OxyContin)

Opioid analgesic; slow release (q 12 hr PO dosing)

hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Lortab; Vicodin)

Opioid analgesic with acetaminophen; tx of moderate to severe pain; also antitussive effects

nalbuphine (Nubain)

Opioid agonist/antagonist; tx of moderate to severe pain

gabapentin (Neurontin)

Analgesic adjuvant; anticonvulsant; also used as a mood stabilizer

pregabalin (Lyrica)

Analgesic, anticonvulsant; especially for neuropathic or post herpetic pain

sumatriptan (Imitrex)

Vascular H/A suppressant, tx of migraine H/A; also, cluster H/A tx.

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