inorganic, occurs natually, solid, definite chemical composition, atoms arranged in orderly pattern
How do minerals form?
Form out of molten rock, in which atoms, molecules and ions can move freely. As magma cools, the atoms, molecules and ions move closer together and form chemical bonds that create compounds.
What factor can affect crystal size?
orderly arrangement of ions, molecules or atoms in any mineral
regular geometry solid with smooth surfaces called crystal faces.
6 basic crystal shapes that minerals have?
cubic, orthorhombic, tetragonal, triclinic, hexagonal, and monoclinic
Two most common elements in Earths crust?
silicon and oxygen
What are minerals made of silicon and oxygen called?
What is the basic building blocks of those elements?
What physical property of a mineral is affected by crystal structure?
7 physical properties of a mineral that can be used to identify it?
color, luster, streak, fracture, hardness, and specific gravity.
Name a mineral that can be identified by a chemical test
calcite and the hydrochloric acid test.
SiO2 (little two)
Four major mineral groups
Silicates, carbonates, oxides and sulfides
feldspar and quartz
calcite and dolomite
hematite and megnetite