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foreshadowing

the author's use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story; writers use this to build their reader's expectation and to create suspense

autobiography

a form of notification in which the writer tells the story of his or her own life; this may tell about the person's whole life or only part of it

conflict

a struggle between opposing forces; one of the most important elements of stories, novels, and plays because it causes the action

characters

a person or animal that takes part in the action of a literary work

fiction

prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events; short stories and novels are works of this; some writers base this on actual events and people, adding invented characters, dialogue, setting, plots

naration

writing that tells a story; the act of telling a story; fictional works such as novels and short stories

protagonist

the main character in a literary work

antagonist

a character or force in conflict with the main character

drama

a story written to be performed; one can also read the script and imagine the action

plot

the sequence of events in which each results from a previous one and causes the next; in most novels, drama, short stories, and narrative poems, this involves both characters and a central conflict

theme

a central message, concern, or purpose; can usually be expressed as a generalization, or a general statement about people or life

setting

the time and place of the action; this includes all the details of a place and time - the year, time of day, even the weather

fable

a brief story or poem, usually written with animal characters, that teaches a lesson or moral which is usually stated at the end

exposition

is a writing or speech that explains a process or presents information

dialogue

a conversation between characters; in poems, novels, and short stories, this is usually set off by quotation marks to indicate a speaker's exact words

memoir

a form of autobiographical writing that deals with the writer's memory of someone or of a significant event; often, the writing is very personal

soliloquy

a long speech in a play or in a prose work made by a character who is alone; the character reveals his or her private thoughts and feelings to the audience or reader

tone

the writer's attitude toward the readers and toward the subject, conveyed by the language and rythm of the speaker

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