Native AMerican Cultural Regions

Created by kjones 

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cultures

a way of living

nomadic

moving from place to place as changes in seasons made food available in other places

artifacts

objects made by humans to help them adapt to their environemnt

mesas

a flat toppped hill area with steep sides

gorge

a narrow, valley with steep sides

cultural regions

areas where similar cultures developed

NORTHWEST COAST

narrow strip of land along the Pacific Coast from Alasks to California. Forests grew right up to the shore. CLIMATE was mild w/ heavy rains. Lots of WILDLIFE.

NORTHWEST TRIBES

Tlingit, Chinook, and Kwakiutl

NORTHWEST Artifacts (Kwakiutl)

WOOD HOUSE (made from local cedar trees, several families in one, cedar totem poles in front

NORTHWEST Artifacts (Kwakiutl)

CEDAR BARK CAPE, waterproof, made from strips of cedar bark woven together, protection from rain

NORTHWEST Artifacts (Kwakiutl)

CEDAR BARK FISH TRAP made from cedar to catch salmon

CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN

Pciaici Coast of Californiam, inland over Siearra Nevada mountains into the Great basin

CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT

DESERT Shoshine & Pauite were nodmic tribes in Great Basin)

CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT

FOREST Miwok & Pomo tribes in redwood forest

CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT

COASTAL California Pomos lived here

CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN TRIBES

ShoSshine, Paiute, Miwok, & Pomo

CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN Artifacts (Pomo)

Cone Shaped Red-wood houese - made fromstrips of wood from local redwood trees piled against a central pol

CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN Artifacts (Pomo)

clamshell necklace ..used clamshells found along the shore to make jewlery

CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN Artifacts (Pomo)

grass baskets.... w/ shells, beads, & feathers, used for holding food

SOUTHWEST

Dry region streches from the SWestern US to Northern Mexico

SOUTHWEST CLMATE

Mountains, flat topped mesas, canyons, and deserts.

SOUTHWEST Temperatures

extreme and little rainfall.

SOUTHWEST Tribes

Apache & Hopi (some were nomadic & others farmed)

SOUTHWEST Artifacts (Hopi)

adobe pueblo apartments..used available clay because not many trees

SOUTHWEST Artifacts (Hopi)

woven cotten dresses...cooton was confortable and cool in hot weather/local plants & minerals available to dye the cloth

SOUTHWEST Artifacts (Hopi)

clay pot...used available clay to make pots, used to store water

PLATEAU

between the Cascade and Rocky Mountains

PLATEAU CLIMATES

flat lands, rollinghills, steep gorges LOTS OF WATER

PLATEAU TRIBES

Nez, Perce, Spokane, Yakima

PLATEAU Artifacts (Yakima)

Underground winter house...built partially underground for pr=rotection from the cold, made of grass because wood was hard to find

PLATEAU Artifacts (Yakima)

woven grass baskets...made from grass and decorated w/ designs

PLATEAU Artifacts (Yakima)

wood handled tool ....made of hardwood that was curved and pointed at the end; attched a short handle of animal horn..used for digging roots

GREAT PLAINS

extends from Rocky Mnts to Mississippi River Valley, North and South from Canada to Texas

GREAT PLAINS Climate

treeless grassland w/ cold winters and hot summer..Lots of animals and BUFFALO was important

GREAT PLAINS Tribes

Cheyenne, Pawnee, Comanche, Sioux

GREAT PLAINS Artifacts (Sioux)

Buffalo skin t-pee...6-20 hides sewn together & stretched over a cone made from long pole

GREAT PLAINS Artifacts (Sioux)

buffalo hid blanket....warm blankets to wear in the winter for protection from the cold

GREAT PLAINS Artifacts (Sioux)

buffalo hide shielf - warriors made these from buffalo skin

EASTERN WOODLANDS

strectched from Mississippi RIver to Atalntic Ocean, from Great Lakes to Ohio Valley

EASTERN WOODLANDS Climate

hills, mountains, valleys, and seacoasts w/ rich woodlands, steams, & rivers, 4 SEASONS

EASTERN WOODLANDS Tribes

Iroquois, Mohawk, Seveca, Algonquian, Mohegan, Delaware

EASTERN WOODLANDS Artifacts (Algonquian)

Birch bark wigwam - used birch trees to makre house, bent small trees into dome shaped frame then covered it w/ mats made from bark of birch trees

EASTERN WOODLANDS Artifacts (Algonquian

turkey feathered cermeonial cape - sewed wil trukey feathers together to make a sleeveless cape

EASTERN WOODLANDS Artifacts (Algonquian

birch bark canoe - made from birch trees; lightweight to easily move it from stream to stream

SOUTHEAST

extends south fromOhio Valley to Gulf of Mexico& from Texas to Atlantic Ocean

SOUTHEAST Climate

wet & dry areas, river, valleys, mountains, coastal plains, swamps...mostly HOT weather

SOUTHEAST Tribes

Creek, Choctow, Seminole

SOUTHEAST Artifacts (Seminole)

Palm leaf chickee ...built on platform, used plam trees, platform for protection from wet ground, no walls because of hot weather

SOUTHEAST Artifacts (Seminole)

deerskin leggins...made from aniamls, protected legs from mosquitoes and saw grass

SOUTHEAST Artifacts (Seminole)

cypress dugout canoe...constructred from available trees, used seashells as tools, flat bottomed for navigation thru shallow swamps

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