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despotic

adj. like an absolute ruler or tyrant

chattel

n. a movable item of personal property

cipher

adj. code

slouching

adj. drooping

censure

n. strong disapproval

gaunt

adj. thin and bony

droll

adj. comic and amusing in an odd way

anecdote

n. a brief story about an interesting, amusing, or strange event told to illustrate a point

establish a purpose

v. decide why you are reading a selection before reading it. ex. pure enjoyment, learn something new

feature article

n. a newspaper or magazine story written to entertain readers or to provide information on a subject of human interest

human interest

article designed to evoke an emotional response to its subjects' achievements or problems

microcosms

n. little worlds

metaphors

n. ways of speaking of things as though they were something else

poignant

adj. drawing forth compassion; moving

malevolence

n. bad or evil feelings or intentions

immortalized

v. given lasting fame

persuasive appeal

urgent appeal or warning that aims to convince the reader to think or act in a certain way

purged

v. cleansed

pyre

n. pile of wood on which a body is burned at a funeral

perennial

adj. constant

blight

n. something that destroys or prevents growth

moribund

adj. dying

postulated

v. claimed

beleaguered

adj. worried; tormented

schism

n. division

apartheid

policy of segregation and discrimination that was once practiced against non whites in South Africa

tone

n. the attitude a writer takes toward an audience or subject

pinions

n. last bony sections of a bird's wings

hieroglyphics

n. pictures that represent words or ideas

confer

v. to give

pernicious

destructive

ideology

n. ideas on which a political, economic, or social system is based

chasms

n. deep cracks in Earth's surface

covenant

n. agreement or contract

inalienable

adj. not able to be taken away

figurative language

n. language that means more than it literally says, used to create vivid impressions

generate questions

ask questions while reading such as who, what, where, when, why, and how

diverged

v. branched out in different directions

dallying

v. wasting time; loitering

submerged

adj. covered with something; underwater

harness

v. attach, as with straps for pulling or controlling

amicably

adv. agreeably

meticulously

adv. very carefully and precisely

specters

n. ghostly images; phantoms

ominous

adj. threatening; menacing

unpalatable

adj. distasteful; unpleasant

entomologist

n. somebody who studies bugs

perspective

point of view; from whom the story is told or read

biography

n. a story that provides information on somebody else's life

oppression

n. unjust actions by authority on a person

exhortation

n. the act of urging, advising or encouraging

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