Pharmacy Technician Reviews Chapter 1-3

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From "The Pharmacy Technician" Third Edition

The first physician known by name was

Imhotep

Hippocrates approach to medicine was based on

careful observation

The ancient Greek goddess of Medicinal Herbs was

Panacea

Derived from the bark of the Peruvian tree, "Jesuit's powder," used along with preventive measures, helps keep this disease under control.

malaria

Aspirin is made from salicylic acid from the bark of the _______ tree.

willow

___________ was the first effective local anesthetic.

cocaine

Around 3,000 BC __________ established, by trial and error, about 365 herbs that could be used as health treatments.

the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung

An authoritative listing of drugs and issues related to their use is a (an)

pharmacopeia

_____________ showed that heat can be used to kill microorganisms associated with food spoilage.

Pasteur

___________ discovered penicillin could kill some bacteria.

Fleming

_______________ are substances produced by the body to regulate body functions and processes.

hormones

________ identified the structure of DNA

Watson and Crick

The pharmaceutical manufacturing industry devotes about ______ of its income to research and development.

1/6

________ protect(s) against illegal copying of the new discoveries.

Patenting

The FDA is required to

1) ensure that a drug is safe and effective for its intended use.
2) to monitor a drug after it is marketed to ensure it works as intended.
3) to monitor a drug for any adverse effects.

The length of time from the beginning of development of a new drug to FDA approval is often more than _____

ten years

In most cases the individual who dispenses the prescribed medication to the patient is the _______

pharmacists

The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) requires that pharmacists provide

counseling services to Medicaid patients.

The area of greatest employment for pharmacists is

community pharmacies

The pharmacy technician may find the greatest employment opportunities in

the community setting

In managed care, care is managed by a(an)

insurer

Lists of drugs approved for use by managed care organizations are called

formularies

Information that is entered and stored into a computer, such as a patient's name, is called

data

The drug digitalis comes from the foxglove plant and is used to treat some ______ conditions

heart

The ancient Greek god of Medicine was

Aseculapius

______ advocated "bleeding" to maintain balance of the "humours".

Galen

_______ showed that an extract of insulin could lower blood sugar in dogs

Banting and Best

What individuals may or may not do on their jobs is referred to as their

scope of practice

Under HIPAA, PHI stands for

Protected Health Information

The ______ is the leading associations for pharmacists practicing in hospitals and other health care systems.

ASHP

Continuing education for CPhTs must contain ____ in pharmacy law every ___ years.

one hour, two

The ______ prohibited interstate commerce in adulterated or misbranded food, drinks, and drugs.

Food and Drug Act of 1906

Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914 required that all manufacturers, importers, and physicians prescribing narcotics by

licensed and taxed

The agency which controls the distribution of drugs that may be easily abused

Drug Enforcement Administration

Because of fatal poisoning from liquid sulfanilamide, the _____ required new drugs be shown to be safe before marketing

1938 Food, Drug and Cosmetic (FDC) Act

This law defines what drugs require a prescriptions by a licensed practitioner and requires them to include the caution legend on the label

1951 Durham-Humphrey Amendment

Requires drug manufacturers to provide proof of both safety and effectiveness before marketing the drug

1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendments

The ____ required child-proof packaging for most prescription drugs.

Poison Prevention Packaging Act

The ____ classifies drugs that may be easily abused and restricts their distribution.

Controlled Substances Act (CSA)

The Hatch-Watchman Act allowed for

quicker introduction of drugs and extension of drug patent terms.

Drugs that require prescriptions are ____ drugs.

legend

An inactive substance given in place of a medication during clinical trials is a

placebo

The FDA requires ___ phases of testing in humans.

three

The main purpose of phase 2 clinical trials is

effectiveness

Phase 3 clinical trials generally have ____ participants.

several hundred to several thousand

A prescription to dispense Plan B

is required for patients 17 years of age and under unless otherwise allowed by state law

The FDA reporting system for adverse effects that occur from use of approved drugs is called

MedWatch

____ drug recalls are issued by manufacturers when there is a strong likelihood that the product will cause serious adverse effects or death

Class I

A technician could be prosecuted for misconduct called ___ if s/he incorrectly labeled a prescription

negligence

Pharmacies located in the health care institutions (hospitals, etc.) are required to follow regulations of this organization:

JCAHO

The daily sales limit of pseudoephedrine base is

3.6g per purchaser

NDC is assigned by the

manufacturer

In clinical trials, the testing is done

on people

DEA form _____ is used to order CII controlled substances

222

The ____ set standards for practice for pharmacists who provide medication distribution and consultant services to nursing homes

The American Society for Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP)

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