The first physician known by name was
Hippocrates approach to medicine was based on
The ancient Greek goddess of Medicinal Herbs was
Derived from the bark of the Peruvian tree, "Jesuit's powder," used along with preventive measures, helps keep this disease under control.
Aspirin is made from salicylic acid from the bark of the _______ tree.
___________ was the first effective local anesthetic.
Around 3,000 BC __________ established, by trial and error, about 365 herbs that could be used as health treatments.
the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung
An authoritative listing of drugs and issues related to their use is a (an)
_____________ showed that heat can be used to kill microorganisms associated with food spoilage.
___________ discovered penicillin could kill some bacteria.
_______________ are substances produced by the body to regulate body functions and processes.
________ identified the structure of DNA
Watson and Crick
The pharmaceutical manufacturing industry devotes about ______ of its income to research and development.
________ protect(s) against illegal copying of the new discoveries.
The FDA is required to
1) ensure that a drug is safe and effective for its intended use.
2) to monitor a drug after it is marketed to ensure it works as intended.
3) to monitor a drug for any adverse effects.
The length of time from the beginning of development of a new drug to FDA approval is often more than _____
In most cases the individual who dispenses the prescribed medication to the patient is the _______
The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) requires that pharmacists provide
counseling services to Medicaid patients.
The area of greatest employment for pharmacists is
The pharmacy technician may find the greatest employment opportunities in
the community setting
In managed care, care is managed by a(an)
Lists of drugs approved for use by managed care organizations are called
Information that is entered and stored into a computer, such as a patient's name, is called
The drug digitalis comes from the foxglove plant and is used to treat some ______ conditions
The ancient Greek god of Medicine was
______ advocated "bleeding" to maintain balance of the "humours".
_______ showed that an extract of insulin could lower blood sugar in dogs
Banting and Best
What individuals may or may not do on their jobs is referred to as their
scope of practice
Under HIPAA, PHI stands for
Protected Health Information
The ______ is the leading associations for pharmacists practicing in hospitals and other health care systems.
Continuing education for CPhTs must contain ____ in pharmacy law every ___ years.
one hour, two
The ______ prohibited interstate commerce in adulterated or misbranded food, drinks, and drugs.
Food and Drug Act of 1906
Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914 required that all manufacturers, importers, and physicians prescribing narcotics by
licensed and taxed
The agency which controls the distribution of drugs that may be easily abused
Drug Enforcement Administration
Because of fatal poisoning from liquid sulfanilamide, the _____ required new drugs be shown to be safe before marketing
1938 Food, Drug and Cosmetic (FDC) Act
This law defines what drugs require a prescriptions by a licensed practitioner and requires them to include the caution legend on the label
1951 Durham-Humphrey Amendment
Requires drug manufacturers to provide proof of both safety and effectiveness before marketing the drug
1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendments
The ____ required child-proof packaging for most prescription drugs.
Poison Prevention Packaging Act
The ____ classifies drugs that may be easily abused and restricts their distribution.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA)
The Hatch-Watchman Act allowed for
quicker introduction of drugs and extension of drug patent terms.
Drugs that require prescriptions are ____ drugs.
An inactive substance given in place of a medication during clinical trials is a
The FDA requires ___ phases of testing in humans.
The main purpose of phase 2 clinical trials is
Phase 3 clinical trials generally have ____ participants.
several hundred to several thousand
A prescription to dispense Plan B
is required for patients 17 years of age and under unless otherwise allowed by state law
The FDA reporting system for adverse effects that occur from use of approved drugs is called
____ drug recalls are issued by manufacturers when there is a strong likelihood that the product will cause serious adverse effects or death
A technician could be prosecuted for misconduct called ___ if s/he incorrectly labeled a prescription
Pharmacies located in the health care institutions (hospitals, etc.) are required to follow regulations of this organization:
The daily sales limit of pseudoephedrine base is
3.6g per purchaser
NDC is assigned by the
In clinical trials, the testing is done
DEA form _____ is used to order CII controlled substances
The ____ set standards for practice for pharmacists who provide medication distribution and consultant services to nursing homes
The American Society for Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP)