CH 6 Section 3 Terms and People

36 terms by gspera15 

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Octavian

ruled from 27 B.C. - 180 A.D.; restored power to the Senate; made many helpful reforms to Rome

Tiberius

ruled from 14 - 37 A.D.; very well educated; well loved by his soldiers; capable but unpopular ruler

Caligula

ruled form 37 - 41 A.D.; "Little Boots"; promised low taxes; had himself declared a God

Claudius

ruled from 41 - 54 A.D.; weakened by polio; mother called him "unfinished monster"; initiated program of construction and reform; people of Rome loved him

Nero

ruled from 54 - 68 A.D.; real name was Lucius; suspected plots against him; performed as public poet; accused of starting fire of Rome

Vespasian

ruled from 69 - 79 A.D.; man of sense, ability, and honor; firm will; scorned laziness; taxed everything and denounced as miserly

Titus

ruled from 79 - 81 A.D.; government was model of wisdom and honor; greatest fault was uncontrollable generosity; completed Colosseum

Domitian

ruled from 81 - 96 A.D.; least popular ruler of Flavian era; insisted on being called Lord and Master; ineffective military leader

Nerva

ruled from 96 - 98 A.D.; chosen by Senate; restored power to Senate, adopted frugal budget, distributed land, annulled many taxes

Trajan

ruled from 98 - 117 A.D.; increased empire to greatest size; first non-Italian emperor (Spaniard); popular with army; well liked by senators

Hadrian

ruled from 117 - 138 A.D.; chose to establish defensible borders; spent great deal of time traveling in provinces; created Permanent Edict; revolt by Jews in Judea during his reign

Antonius Pius

ruled from 138 - 161 A.D.; wealthy senator from Gaul; maintained excellent relations with Senate; did non mount any military campaigns

Marcus Aurelius

ruled from 161 - 180 A.D.; stoic philosopher; wrote "Meditations"; waged wars in Germany, Dacia, and Parthia; plague swept across Rome during his rule

Cicero

Roman senator who published beautifully written speeches

Ovid

Roman poet who wrote "Metamorphoses"; linked Rome to Greece through tales of Greek and roman gods

Horace

Roman poet who wrote "Odes" about shortness of life and rewards of companionship

Vergil

Roman poet who wrote the "Aeneid" which was an epic poem that depicted Rome's past as a heroic age

Livy

Roman historian who wrote monumental history of Rome, glorified early Romans, and sought to raise patriotism and traditional values

Tacitus

Roman historian who condemned tyranny of Augustus and Julio-Claudian emperors; wrote "Germania"

Pax Romana

period of "Roman Peace" that lasted from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D.

Tribune

had the power of veto

Princeps

First Citizen; cast first vote in Senate

Censor

could remove unworthy men from the Senate

Imperator

supreme military commander

Proconsul

governor of all Roman provinces

Permanent Edict

modernization of all law codes created by Hadrian

"Meditations"

written by Marcus Aurelius on his military campaign and express his determination to rule well

Ius Civile

system of civil law in Roman society that applied to all Roman citizens

Ius Gentium

"law of nations" in Roman society that was used for international law and dealt with non-citizens

Colosseum

Roman stadium used for gladiator fights that held 50,000 people

Circus Maximus

Roman stadium that had 250,000 seats and was used for chariot races

Appian Way

road built in 4th century B.C. that connected Rome and southern Italy

Pantheon

famous dome that was rebuilt by Hadrian in 128 A.D.

Aqueducts

bridge like structures that brought fresh water to cities

Lingua Franca

term used in reference to the common language

Augustus

imperial title given in honor of Octavian

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