Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole

74 terms by gingerlove07

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abdomin/o

abdomen

adip/o

fat

anter/o

front

bol/o

to cut (throw)

cervic/o

neck (of the body or of the uterus)

chondr/o

cartilage (type of connective tissue)

chrom/o

color

coccyg/o

coccyx (tailbone)

crani/o

skull

cyt/o

cell

dist/o

far, distant

dors/o

back portion of the body

hist/o

tissue

ili/o

ilium (part of the pelvic bone)

inguin/o

groin

kary/o

nucleus

later/o

side

lumb/o

lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis

medi/o

middle

nucle/o

nucleus

pelv/i

pelvis

poster/o

back, behind

proxim/o

nearest

sacr/o

sacrum

sarc/o

flesh

spin/o

spine, backbone

thel/o

nipple

thorac/o

chest

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

umbilic/o

navel, umbilicus

ventr/o

belly side of the body

vertebr/o

vertebra(e)

viscer/o

internal organs

cata-

down

epi-

above

hypo-

below

inter-

between

meta

change

-eal

pertaining to

-iac

pertaining to

-ior

pertaining to

-ism

pertaining to

-ose

pertaining to, full of

-plasm

formation

-somes

bodies

-type

picture, classification

digestive

mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, intestines, (small and large), liver, gallbladder, pancreas

urinary or excretory

kidneys, ureters (tubes from the kidneys to the urinary bladder), urinary bladder, urethra (tube from the bladder to the outside of the body)

respiratory

nose, pharynx, larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial tubes, lungs (where the exchange of gases takes place)

reproductive

Female: ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), vagina, mammary glands. Males: testes, and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland

endocrine

thyroid gland (in the neck), pituitary gland (at the base of the brain), sex glands (ovaries and testes), adrenal glands, pancreas (islets of Langerhans), parathyroid glands

nervous

brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collections of nerves

circulatory

heart, blood vessels, (arteries, veins, and capillaries), lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland

musculoskeletal

muscles, bones, and joints

skin and sense organs

skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous (oil) glands; eye, ear, nose, and tongue

crainial

brain, pituitary, gland

thoracic

lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta

pleural cavity

space surrounding each lung. A double-folded membrane, or pleura, lines the pleural cavity. If the pleura becomes infllamed (as in pleuritis or pleurisy), the pleural cavity can fill with fluid.

mediastinum

centrally located area outside of and between the lungs. It contains the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, bronchial tubes, and many lumph nodes

Abdominal

stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder. The diaphragm (a muscular wall) divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities

peritoneum

the double folded mambrane surrounding the abdominal cavity. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs situated behing (retroperitoneal area) the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbone

pelvic

portions of the small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, and ureters; uterus and vagina in the female

spinal

nerves of the spinal cord

hydrochondriac region

upper right and left region below (hypo) the cartilage

epigastric

region above the stomach

lumbar region

middle right and left region near the waist

umbilical region

region of the navel or umbilicus

inguinal region

lower right and left region near the groin (inguin/o= groin), which is the area where the legs join the trunk of the body. This region, on right and left, is also known as the iliac region because it is near the ilium, which is the upper portion of the hip bone

hypogastric

lower middle region below the umbilical region

RUQ

right upper quadrant-contains the liver (right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines

LUQ

left upper quadrant-contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines

RLQ

right lower quadrant-contains parts of the small and large intestines, right overy, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter

LLQ

left lower quadrant-contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter

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