things to determine about client families
1. the role the deceased played in the family
2. the role that the survivors played in the family unit prior to the death
3. the impact of the deceased's death on the surviving members of the family both psychologically and financially
three types of family governments
1. patriarchal: the father fules the family; power is passed to the oldest male, ***regardless of the age
2. matriarchal: the mother rules the family; a woman holding a position analogous to that of a patriarch, power passed down to eldest female
3. egalitarian: male and female have equal rights, and governing power, all members of family have a voice, even the children
Extended (joint) family
A household or family unit consisting of father and mother, all their children (except married daughters), their son's wives and children (except married daughters).
**examples of these are: appalachian region, deep south, native amercan tribes, and amish communities.
**generally patriarchal government, usually large families, self efficient, religious, conservative. Not usually very mobile.
*The death of a child isnt as severe psychologically due to family size. Also the financial impact is very little.
A household or family unit consisting of one man and one woman married to each other and their children, if any.....OR a man and woman and their unmarried children.
Family government is not clearly defined like the extended family.
The economic status depends upon the total family income therefore they are very economically dependent.
More likely to be a non farming family.
Death has a major impact, family is smaller.
Death of a child is very traumatic.
This type of family best describes the "American character"
Occupational mobility is encouraged.
Extended life expectancy, a decrease in day to day confrontation with death.
Death is more abstract
The old is isolated in these units.
Modified extended family
A household or family unit created by related nuclear families and/ or friendships.
Could also be defined as: a cluster of two or more nuclear families united by a social bond for security, protection, and help.
Provides security, protection and help in the event of a loss.
Created through kinship, colleagues at work, a church group, or close friendships.
Members provide support during pre-funeral, funeral, and post funeral periods.
Single parent family
A household consisting of one adult, and his/her children.
Harder to survive.
Death of a parent terminates the family unit.
A household created by one male and one female and the children from their previous marriages and may include children from the present marriage.
Poses unique challenges for the funeral director.
Diffucult to make decisions if the deceased was the leader.
Internal conflict in decision making.
What event serves as the signaling the beginning of a new family unit.
Functions and needs served by the "family"
3. goal setting and achievement
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
1. Physiological (thirst, hunger, sleep, these are the MOST powerful and most basic.
2. Safety: stability, consistency, long term survival
3. Belongingness and love: affiliation and acceptance
4. esteem: achievement and the gaining of recognition
5. Cognitive: knowledge and understanding
6. Aesthetic: order and beauty
7. Self actualization: realization of your potential
This serves as the first function of the new family unit.
Proper funeralization can:
1. reestablish communication between family members
2. facilitate the observation of adult behavior
3. give direction or guidance
4. address expectation
a. encourage appropriate expectations
b. correct incorrect expectations
c. guide the family back to reality
1. cause greater internal discontent
2. increase psychological problems
3. can prolong lost stability
a. lead to disagreement on more issues
b. may lead to loss of communication among family members
4. lead to anger and frustration
5. under directing will alienate
6. over directing will alienate
This is one of the first functions of the funeral that tries to replace this.