History Final

Created by sjotto92 

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imperialism

believing you are so fabulous and that you're so established.

social darwinism

taking idea of evolution and applying it to society, toughness of mind; all about conflict. conflict is good because it will separate the weak and the strong. survival of the fittest

eugenics

actively prevent the inferior from procreating. survival of the fittest x5. populsr in europe and united states. sterilization, contraception, etc

sarajevo 1914

site of the assasination of archduke franz ferdinand. sparked WWI

central powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Empire

allies

France, Britain, Russia, Italy

schlieffen plan

germans plan to open a new front on east and west. starts WW1 with france, then went to attack russia

sick man of europe

The phrase is used to describe economic poverty in a European country. This term was coined when the Ottoman Empire was in decline and increasingly began to lose territory to the Europeans through defeats in battle.

trench warfare

Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.

war of attrition

Trench warfare between Germany and France. Called War of Attrition(wearing down) because the goal was to break down the enemy. There was no winner after 3 years of fighting.

zimmerman telegram

german gov sends the german ambassador in mexico, asking mexico to join them. promised mexico to get some territory back from u.s. was intercepted by u.s. which led them to join the war.

peace of paris

1919. conference that remakes the map of europe. determined to punish germans.

treaty of versailles

Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manufacture any weapons.

weimar republic

new germany, a republic with a democracy

war reperations

money paid for war damages

war guilt

admitting to war damage and admitting they were the main aggressors

great depression

1929, stock market crash. everyone starts selling their stocks to pay debts, banks start calling in loans, banks go under.

third reich

looking to create a third empire to restore the greatness of germany

fascism

plight of common man working class. political movement. extreme nationalist group, believe they are superior to others.

fuhrer

German word for leader, used to describe Hitler in the Nazi Party.

nazism

plight of the common man. working class. power. believe they are superior

totalitarianism

a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

appeasment

giving into demands to avoid war

reichstag fire

the Reichstag building was set on fire. Hitler blamed the communists. started the anti-communist belief. Nazis set out to kill all communists

nurenburg laws

1935, racial laws that strip jews of citizenship.

kristallnacht

1938, government organized attack on jewish cities

reoccupation of rhineland

Germany renounced terms of the Locarno treaty. In 1936 Hitler sent 40 000 troops into the demilitarised zone of the Rhineland, claiming he needed to because of the French encirclement

anschluss

The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupation of Austria by the German army in 1938.

munich crisis

September 1938 Hitler demanded Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia) be annexed by Germany

axis

germany, italy, japan

allies WW2

Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, U.S.

invasion of poland

Germany invaded, breaking their agreement, so Britain and France declared war, starting World War II

Lebensraum

Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people

blitzkrieg

fight a quick and surprising war

fortress europe

Nickname give to Hitler's Europe, he wanted Europe to be like a fortress

nazi-soviet pact

A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other

battle of britain

Massive air strike by Hitler against Britain

stalingrad

Decisive battle in German invasion of Russia, the Germans were surrounded and systemically destroyed

D-day

Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris

final solution

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

holocaust

an act of great destruction and loss of life

autocracy

a political system governed by a single individual

bolsheviks

Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI

Proletariat, bourgeoisie

Karl Marx's definition of the poor, working class vs. the wealthy, controlling class.

bloody sunday

In Russia 1905 Russian soldiers inadvertently opened fire on demonstrators, turning them against the tsar. Possibly the start of the Revolution.

duma

Russian Parliament

lenin

founded the Communist Party in Russia and set up the world's first Communist Party dictatorship. He led the October Revolution of 1917, in which the Communists seized power in Russia. He then ruled the country until his death

peace, land, bread

lenin's speech and promises to russia citizens

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