Expansion, Absolutism & Effects Test Vocabulary

25 terms by anme07 

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Absolute Monarchy

is system of government where the ruler determines policy without consulting either the people or their representatives.

Compass

instrument used for navigation, which includes a magnetized piece of metal that points to the north.

Astrolabe

an instrument used to measure the altitude.

Latitude

distance from north to south of the equator.

Galleys

long ships used for European coastal trade.

Commercial Revolution

changes and development in the European economy, which improved ways of doing business from 1400-1750.

Joint-Stock Company

business organization that raised money by selling investors stock, or shares, in the company.

Mercantilism

economic theory stating that there is a fixed amount of wealth in the world and that in order to receive a large share, one country has to take some wealth away from another country.

Favorable Balance of Trade

situation that exists when a country sells more goods than it buys from a foreign country.

Tariffs

import taxes on foreign goods.

Subsidies

government grants of money.

Treaty of Tordesilles

an agreement between Spain and Portugal dividing all newly discovered lands from 1494.

Triangular Trade

system of trade involving three stages, one in Europe, one in Africa, and one in the new world, taking place in the Atlantic Ocean.

Middle Passage

second stage of the triangular trade system, which involved the shipping of slaves across the Atlantic Ocean to America.

Viceroys

representatives of the Spanish monarch in Spain's colonial empire.

Guerrilla Warfare

military technique relying on a swift in sudden attacks by small bands of soldiers.

Tax Farming

selling the right to collect taxes to private individuals called tax farmers.

Intendants

regional administrators of a French province.

Divine Right of The King

belief that God appoints certain individuals to govern.

Balance of Power

principle of maintaining equilibrium in international politics.

Habeas Corpus

legal right protecting individuals from being arrest and imprisonment without justification.

Toleration Act

an act of the British parliament, granting some religious freedom to non-Anglican Protestants, in 1689.

Cabinet

leaders of the English Parliament who acted as advisers to the monarch.

Prime Minister

the head of government in Great Britain.

Limited Constitutional Monarchy

government led by a monarch whose powers were limited by a constitution, and who was required to consult Parliament.

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