history- ch 23

28 terms by jenniferra1324 

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Old Regime

the social & political system of France in 1700s- people of France were divided into 3 large estates

Estates

3 large social classes before the French Revolution - 1st: Church and clergy
2nd: nobles
3rd: peasants

Estates-General

an assembly of representatives from all 3 estates

National Assembly

a French congress created by 3rd Estate on June 17, 1789

Tennis Court Oath

when the 3rd estate rewrote a new constitution, the pledge made at a tennis court

Great Fear

a wave of senseless panic in France after the storming of the Bastille

Legislative Assembly

This body had the power to create laws and to approve or reject declarations of war, but king still had executive power to enforce laws

sans-culottes

Parisian workers and small shopkeepers who wanted the Revolution to bring changes in France

Jacobins

A radical political organization, where people who were involved in governmental changes in September 1792

guillotine

a machine that beheaded people who were considered " bad"

Reign of Terror

the time period when Robespierre ruled as a dictator

coup d'etat

"blow to the state" - a sudden seizure of power

plebiscite

vote of the people

concordat

an agreement Napoleon signed with Pope Pius VII

Napoleonic Code

napoleon's uniform set of laws

Battle of Trafalgar

Lost by Napoleon and ensured that British navy was more superior and look for other ways to destroy Britain

blockade

a forcible closing of ports - prevent all trade and communication between one country and others

Continental System

Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Britain and continental Europe; intended to destroy Britain

guerrilla

Spanish peasant fighters who fought in either large or small groups and ambushed French armies

Peninsular War

a conflict where Spanish rebels, with help of Britain, fought to drive French out of Spanish territories

scorched-earth policy

involved burning grain fields and killing livestock so enemies won't have anything to eat

Battle of Waterloo

The last battle for Napoleon; Britain and Prussian army fight French - on June 18, 1815

Hundred Days

the amount of days Napoleon was in power after his return from his exile in Elba

Congress of Vienna

a congress set up to achieve the goal of a one collective security and stability on the whole continent

balance of powers

no country can over power another

legitimacy

agreement that as many rulers who were driven from their powers by Napoleon would be restored back to their thrones

Holy Alliance

a league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Prussia, and Austria after the Congress of Vienna.

Concert of Europe

ensured that nations would help each other of revolution broke out

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