Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

chiaroscuro

an artistic technique in which subtle gradations of value create the illusion of rounded three-dimensional forms in space

hatching

fine parallel lines drawn or engraved to represent shading

cross hatching

intersecting sets of parallel lines used to shade a drawing

volume

the mass or bulk of a three-dimensional work; the amount of space such a work contains

organic shapes

a shape characteristic of living things and thus appearing soft, curvilinear, and irregular.

impasto

application of a medium such as oil or acrylic paint so that an actual texture is built upon a surface

implied line

a lien that is completed by the viewer

content or meaning

all that is contained in a work of art

stippling

drawing or painting small dots or dabs to create shading or a dappled effect.

atmospheric perspective

an illusion of depth created through grades of texture and brightness, color saturation, and warm and cool colors

modeling

In two dimensional works of art, the creation of the illusion of depth through the use of light and shade.

realism

a style characterized by accurate and truthful portrayal or subject manner

amorphic shapes

shapes that have imprecise, soft or indefinite edges

shading

a slight variation of difference of color

balance

the distribution of the weight, mass ot other elements of a work of art so as to achieve harmony

local color

the hue of an object created by the colors its surface reflects under normal lighting conditions

tint

the lightness of a color as determined by the extent of its mixture with white

optical color

the perception of the color of an object, which may vary markedly according to atomospheric conditions

complementary color

one of a specific pair of colors (e.g. red and green) that most enhance, or exaggerate, one another by virtue of their simultaneous contrast

kinetic art

art that moves; such as the mobile

contrast

the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece so as to create visual interest, excitement and drama

tromp l' oeil

a painting or other art form that creates such a realistic image that the viewer may wonder whether it is real or an illusion (from French for "fool the eye")

overlapping

to lap over (something else or each other)

relative size

the size of an object or figure in relation to other objects or figures or the setting

emphasis

a design principle that focuses the viewers attention on one or more parts of a composition by accentuating certain shapes, intensifying value of color, featuring directional lines, or stragetically placing the objects and images.

focal point

a specific part of a work of art that seizes and holds the viewer's image

linear perspective

a system of orgnaizing space in two-dimensional media in which lines that are in reality parallel and horizontal are represented as converging diagonals

one-point perspective

lineal perspective in which a single vanishing point is placed on the horizon

vantage point

the actual or apparent spot from which a viewer observes an object or picture

warm colors

reds, oranges, and yellows that appear to be warm and to advance toward the viewer

cool colors

a color such as bluw, green, or violet that appears to be cool in temperature and tends to recede spatially behind warm colors

two-point perspective

linear perspective in which two ranishing points are placed on the horizon

shape

an area within a composition that has boundaries that seperate it from its surroundings

rhythm

the orderly repetition or progression on the visual elements in a work of art

figurative

art that represents the likeness of human and other figures

expressionistic

emphasizing the distortion of color and form to achieve an emotional impact

abstract

a form of art characterized by simplified (abstracted) or distorted rendering of an object that has the essential form or nature of that object

contour line

a perceived line that marks the edge of a figure as it curves back to space

geometric shapes

a shape that is regular, easy to measure, and easy to descibe, as distinguished from organic or biomorphic shape

scale

the relative size of an object compared to other objects, the setting or people

cartoon

originally, a prepatory drawing made for a fresco, usually on paper and drawn to scale

positive space

the space in the painting taken up by the subject

negative space

the space around and between the subject.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set