the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
A large and fundamental division within a religion
the strict social segregation of people-specifically in india's hindu society-on the basis of ancestry and occupation
the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity.
In the Roman Catholic faith, a geographical grouping of parishes under the jurisdiction of a Bishop.
a religion based in Japan, marked by worship of nature and reverence for ancestors
the system of ethics, education, and statesmanship, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct
A worldwide movement, originating in the 19th century that sought to establish and develop a Jewish nation in Palestine. Since 1948, its function has been to support the state of Israel.
a member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation.
a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Place or space people infuse with religious meaning.
boundaries between the major religions
religious fundamentalism carried to the point of violence
a religion identified with a particular ethnic group and largely exclusive to it
the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
Area in which one ethnic or racial group dominates
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
someone who attempts to convert others to a particular doctrine or program
belief in a single God
not acknowledging the God of Christianity and Judaism and Islam
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
A Chinese philosophy in which people live a simple life in harmony with nature.
the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the Talmud
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
the religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life
Form of a tribal religion that involved community acceptance of a shaman, a religious leader, healer, and worker of magic who, through special powers, can intercede with and interpret the spirit world.
Tower attached to a Muslim mosque, having one or more projecting balconies from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer.
boundaries within a single major faith
The system of Islamic law, sometimes called Quranic law. Unlike most western systems of law that are based on legal precedence, sharia is based on varying degrees of interpretation of the Quran.
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
a subdivision of a larger religious group
the obligation of Muslims to struggle or exert themselves "in the way of God ; doesn't necessarily refer to an armed struggle
belief system that espouses the idea that there is one true religion that is universal in scope
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
Religion founded in the sixth century BCE and characterized by the belief that enlightenment would come through knowledge, especially self-knowledge; elimination of greed, craving, and desire; complete honesty; and never hurting another person or animal.
rules in Chinese philosophy that govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to patterns of yin and yang and the flow of energy (qi)
The scattering of Jews to many parts of the world
Eastern Orthodox Church
eastern result of schism; patriarch - leader; used no icons, celebrated easter, and allowed marriage of priests
one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam, a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad, A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Roman Catholic Church
the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
pilgrimage to Mecca
the deliberate destruction of a group of people
Religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy.