21. We care especially about people's characteristic motives, the motivational structures deeply embedded in their character. (T/F)
22. The merit of an action resides entirely in motive or character. (T/F)
23. The American Medical Association has over the years emphasized virtues in their codes of ethics. (T/F)
24. Virtues such as loyalty, courage, kindness, and benevolence at times lead persons to act inappropriately and unacceptably. (T/F)
25. Conscience is the final authority in moral justification. (T/F)
26. One moral problem with acting merely from virtue/character:
May not bring about desired results
27. The friend who acts only from obligation lacks the ________________ of friendliness.
28. The ethics of care emphasizes traits valued in intimate personal relationships such as sympathy, compassion, fidelity, and love. (T/F)
29. Moral experiences suggest that we often rely on our emotions, our capacity for sympathy, our sense of friendship, and our sensitivity to determine appropriate moral responses. (T/F)
30. Caring itself has a cognitive dimension. (T/F)
31. ________________________ explains that "No passion of another discovers itself immediately to the mind. We are only sensible of its causes or effects. From these we infer the passion: And consequently these give rise to our sympathy."
32. ___________________________ involves the ability to make fitting judgments and reach decisions without being unduly influenced by extraneous considerations, fears, personal attachments, and the like.
33. Among the contributing causes of the erosion of a climate of trust in the health care system is what? Name one factor (BC6 give three):
1.) Loss of intimate contact between physicians and patients
34. _____________________ is a form of self-reflection on, and judgment about, whether one's acts are obligatory or prohibited, right or wrong, good or bad.
35. _________________ (philosopher) maintained that we acquire virtues much as we do skills such as carpentry, playing a musical instrument, and cooking.
36. The virtue of ____________________ is expressed in acts of beneficence that attempt to alleviate the misfortune or suffering of another person.
37. A person can lack moral ________________ through hypocrisy, insincerity, bad faith, and self-deception.
38. The person of ____________________ is disposed to understand and perceive what circumstances demand.
39. _____________________ is a confident belief in and reliance on the moral character and competence of another person.
40. ____________________ means fidelity in adherence to moral norms.
41. One who acts conscientiously is ___________________ to do what is right because it is right, has tried to __________________ what is right, ______________ to do what is right, and exerts an appropriate level of ___________ to do so.
motivated; determined; intends; effort
42. Wherever a person is on the continuum of moral development, there will be a goal of excellence that exceeds what he or she has already achieved. (T/F)
43. If a pharmacist refuses to fill a legal prescription for reasons of personal conscience, then s/he still has an ethical duty to disclose options for obtaining these services elsewhere. (T/F)
44. Not all supererogatory acts are exceptionally arduous, costly, or risky. (T/F)
45. In the absence of public and institutional constraints, partiality toward others is the expected form of interaction and is morally permissible. (T/F)
46. _________________________ acts are ones going beyond what is morally required.
47. Those who do not pursue moral ideals can be rightly criticized. (T/F)
48. BC6 argue we should aspire to moral excellence rather than settling for meeting a bare minimum of moral obligations. (T/F)
49. ______________________ wrote Not All of Us Are Saints.
50. Living organ donation raises complex ethical issues because the transplant team subjects a healthy person to a risky medical procedure with no _______________________.