Families with members from two or more cultural groups.
Family consisting of a father, a mother, and their biological child or children who live together.
Families headed by one adult.
The shared legal right of parents who are not married to provide care and make decisions about their children's lives.
Family in which several generations live together.
Families formed when a single parent marries another person.
The process by which a child of one pair of parents legally becomes the child of other parents (or parent).
A state-funded or private agency licensed by the state to handle adoptions.
An adoption in which a person, such as a lawyer or physician, works out the details between the birthparents and adoptive parents.
illegal market adoption
An adoption in which adoptive parents pay money to an agency, independent source, or birthparents other than medical and legal costs that are approved by state law.
An adoption in which the identity of the birthparents and adopting family are not revealed to each other.
An adoption that involves some degree of communication between birthparent(s) and adoptive family.
Families in which adults provide temporary homes for children who cannot live with their birthparents.
family life cycle
A series of six stages through which many families go over the years.
Providing all aspects of care for a child, which includes meeting physical, emotional, and social needs.
The words and actions parents use to influence their children's behavior.
The use of methods and techniques to help teach children self-control.
A discipline technique in which parents use or threaten to use some form of physical punishment.
Discipline techniques in which parents threaten children with being unloved or suggest some form of parent/child separation.
A technique in which parents discipline by reasoning and explaining.
Parenting style in which the main objective is to make children completely obedient.
Parenting style in which parents give children almost no guidelines or rules.
Parenting style in which parents set some rules but allow children some freedom.
Having more than one represented culture.