recognizing an answer without having all of the proof
acting without thought or purpose
found outside the Bible
Jewish book used for interpretation of Scripture found outside of the Bible. This book explains the implications of the Bible as used for a way of life.
writings deemed unworthy of being included in the Catholic canon of scripture.
a Greek word that means faith proclamation by the Christian community.
official teachings of the Church about faith or morals.
another name for literalists, believe that God dictated every word of Scripture. These people are very sincere about their beliefs and take the Bible literally, including the Book of Revelation as being a roadmap for the end of time. Many in this group think that Catholics are not 'saved'.
is a hypothetical document which is supposed to be the literary source for the three synoptic gospels. (There is no physical evidence that Q ever existed; the evidence is found solely in literary analysis.stands for Quelle, which means source in German.
a technique of higher criticism that analyzes the New Testament (particularly the gospels) to deduce the author's intent or viewpoint. Some redaction critics go so far as to deny any historicity at all in the gospels.
Centuries before Christianity, there was a large Jewish community in the Greek colony of Alexandria, Egypt. With the permission and cooperation of the Temple in Jerusalem, they translated the Jewish scriptures (our Old Testament) into Greek for their own use. The translation is known as the Septuagint, meaning seventy, because about 70 scholars worked on it.
the branch of theology that devises, evaluates, compares and applies methods of interpreting the Bible. It also devises criteria for determining which methods are appropriate in a given circumstance or for a given passage. You can "do hermeneutics" without actually interpreting a Bible passage, because hermeneutics is the study of interpretation methods, not the application of them.
The analysis of scripture to discern its meaning. It is a form of higher criticism. Historically, there are three major exegetical methods, each of which dates from the earliest times and each of which has its uses and abuses.
Symbolic or Allegorical
This form of Biblical interpretation is often used by the New Testament to interpret the Old Testament: for example, Galatians 4:21-31, and most of Hebrews. In this category fall the use of types and antitypes, or any method that finds a consistent symbolism throughout scripture.
This form of Biblical interpretation attempts to discern the meaning of the text by examining the cultural, historical, sociological, and linguistic context of the scripture.
This method of Biblical interpretation deduces meaning from assertions in different parts of the Bible.
a technique of higher criticism that seeks the message of the New Testament by analyzing the literary forms in which the message is given. Within form criticism, the terms legend and myth have specialized meanings: a legend is a historical account used for didactic purposes; a myth is any pictorial representation of an abstract truth.
a priest who recognized the Christ child when Christ was presented at the Temple
A title used by all rulers of the Roman Empire which means emperor
an adjective and means educational or informative, morally instructive