GEO101B - Intro

Created by glongman 

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Midterm #1

Discourse

system of ideas and knowledge that serve as context for new facts and ideas

Longitude

lines on Earth's surface measured degrees, seconds, minutes, East and West of Prime Meridian.

Latitude

lines on Earth's surface measured in degrees, seconds, minutes, North and South of Equator

Cosmography

science that maps and describes Earth and the entire universe.

Chorography

regional mapping of large areas

Topography

regional mapping of local areas

Teleology

doctrine that states that God designed everything. Studies purposiveness, progress, class conflict

Portolan Charts

first separation of church and science for Europe; navigational maps based on compass directions and observations from sea

Mercator Projection

centered on Europe; good for navigation but heavily distorted

Empiricism

philosophy of science that is measured/factual/verifiable

Positivism

objective/factual; world exists separately from humans

Humanism

we cannot objectify world because we're too close to who we are; use intuition and interpretation; philosophy centered on such aspects of human life as value, quality, meaning

Marxism

human behaviour constrained by economy; generally interested in social and environmental issues; realization that research should lead to social change

Space

both objective and subjective views. Can be relations on the earth's surface or relative in that it's different for everyone.

Location

scale dependent; only objective

Place

our values associated with locations; topophilia vs topophobia

Tobler's 1st Law

distance: everything is related to everything else but near things are more related than distant things

Clustered random uniform

types of distance (3)

Spatial temporal social

types of scale (3)

Cartography

the conception, production, studying of maps

S-Shaped Curve

theoretical, created under experimental conditions; eventually reaches stable ceiling; too simplistic and doesn't take into account human experience

Malthusian Theory

empirical evidence used to reject prevailing economic ideas that more births equal more wealth; population growth will create strain on subsistence; population causes poverty

Marxist Theory

capitalism cause of poverty; concerned with surplus population;

Boserup Theory

subsidence farming; growing food you need to maximize leisure time; population independent from food supply; works in undeveloped nations but not in developed with technology

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