Chapter 5

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Nutrition

Maltose

Which is not a common monosaccharide found in diet?
a. Fructose
b. Maltose
c.Galactose
d.glucose

fructose

Typically, candies, soft drinks, and jellies are high in....

Starch

The most abundant form of complex carbohydrates ingested should come from....

Cellulose

_____________ makes(s) the walls of plant cells strong and rigid.

5

Prior to being swallowed, approximately _____ % of starched in food are broken down in the mouth.

Lactose

Milk sugar is known as....

glucose

The primary fuel in the body is

Ketosis

A condition that interferes with the balance of acid and bases in the body, causing the blood to become too acidic, is called....

hyperglycemia

An abnormally high blood glucose level is called

Children of parents with type two diabetes

Which of the following is not a risk factor for type two diabetes?
a. Over the age of 45
b. overweight
c. Low DHL levels
d. children of parents with type two diabetes

hypoglycemia

Signs of ________ include nervousness, irritability, and headache

45-60

The AMDR for carbohydrates is________ % of daily kilocalories

calories from added sugars, alcohol,and higher-fat meat or milk calories

The discretionary allowance in the USDA Food Guide covers

Sugar Alcohol

___________ sweeteners are commonly found in sugar-free gum and mints.

maltose

Two glucose molecules joined together form

Sugar alcohols

Which of the following is not an artificial sweetener?

Portal vein

Once in the bloodstream, carbohydrates travel to the liver through the _________.

small intestine

Most carbohydrate digestion takes place in the

Liver

Which organ stores and releases glucose as needed to maintain blood sugar levels?

Neotame

Which of the following is an artificial sweetener similar to aspartame and does not require a warning label for people with PKU?

False

T/F Fructose, glucose, and galactose are good examples of disaccharides?

True

T/F Another name for table sugar is sucrose

False

T/F Legumes such as peas, lentils,and beans are low in starch but high in protein

True

T/F All types of plant foods contain fiber

False

T/F Large amounts of glycogen can be consumed through eating beef or chicken?

True

T/F chitin and chitosan are primarily consumed in supplements?

False

T/F If carbohydrates are unavailable, the body will burn proteins and vitamins for energy.

True

T/F Ketone bodies are chemicals that cannot be used for energy in the body

True

T/F Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and occurs when the cells do not produce enough insulin or cells ignore insulin

True

T/F Refining grain removes the outer husk, bran layers, and sometimes the inner germ of the grain kernel

True

T/F Sugar alcohols are also called polyols

True

T/F Molasses is a good example of a refined sweetener

True

T/F Splenda is a commonly recognized brand name for sucralose

False

T/F People who consume many complex carbohydrates have a higher incidence of type 2 diabetes

False

T/F A positive effect of consumption of sugar is that it kills harmful bacteria in the mouth

True

T/F Diets rich in complex carbohydrates can lower blood cholesterol levels by 20% or more.

False

T/F excess intake of dietary fiber can be harmful

True

T/F Both glucagon and insulin are hormones produced by the pancreas

True

T/F The hormone epinephrine is released in response to stress and raises blood glucose levels

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