Which is not a common monosaccharide found in diet?
Typically, candies, soft drinks, and jellies are high in....
The most abundant form of complex carbohydrates ingested should come from....
_____________ makes(s) the walls of plant cells strong and rigid.
Prior to being swallowed, approximately _____ % of starched in food are broken down in the mouth.
Milk sugar is known as....
The primary fuel in the body is
A condition that interferes with the balance of acid and bases in the body, causing the blood to become too acidic, is called....
An abnormally high blood glucose level is called
Children of parents with type two diabetes
Which of the following is not a risk factor for type two diabetes?
a. Over the age of 45
c. Low DHL levels
d. children of parents with type two diabetes
Signs of ________ include nervousness, irritability, and headache
The AMDR for carbohydrates is________ % of daily kilocalories
calories from added sugars, alcohol,and higher-fat meat or milk calories
The discretionary allowance in the USDA Food Guide covers
___________ sweeteners are commonly found in sugar-free gum and mints.
Two glucose molecules joined together form
Which of the following is not an artificial sweetener?
Once in the bloodstream, carbohydrates travel to the liver through the _________.
Most carbohydrate digestion takes place in the
Which organ stores and releases glucose as needed to maintain blood sugar levels?
Which of the following is an artificial sweetener similar to aspartame and does not require a warning label for people with PKU?
T/F Fructose, glucose, and galactose are good examples of disaccharides?
T/F Another name for table sugar is sucrose
T/F Legumes such as peas, lentils,and beans are low in starch but high in protein
T/F All types of plant foods contain fiber
T/F Large amounts of glycogen can be consumed through eating beef or chicken?
T/F chitin and chitosan are primarily consumed in supplements?
T/F If carbohydrates are unavailable, the body will burn proteins and vitamins for energy.
T/F Ketone bodies are chemicals that cannot be used for energy in the body
T/F Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and occurs when the cells do not produce enough insulin or cells ignore insulin
T/F Refining grain removes the outer husk, bran layers, and sometimes the inner germ of the grain kernel
T/F Sugar alcohols are also called polyols
T/F Molasses is a good example of a refined sweetener
T/F Splenda is a commonly recognized brand name for sucralose
T/F People who consume many complex carbohydrates have a higher incidence of type 2 diabetes
T/F A positive effect of consumption of sugar is that it kills harmful bacteria in the mouth
T/F Diets rich in complex carbohydrates can lower blood cholesterol levels by 20% or more.
T/F excess intake of dietary fiber can be harmful
T/F Both glucagon and insulin are hormones produced by the pancreas
T/F The hormone epinephrine is released in response to stress and raises blood glucose levels