A&P Ch 6: Bone markings and skull quiz -DR

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40 terms

tuberosity (ex tibial tuberosity)

3
Large round projection; may be roughened

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)

crest (ex iliac crest)

1

narrow ridge or bone; usually prominent

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)

trochanter (the only examples are on the femur)

1

very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)

line (ex intertrochanteric line of the femur)

2

narrow ridge of bone; less prominent that a crest

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)

tubercle (ex adductor tubercle of the femur)

3

small rounded projection or process

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)

epicondyle (ex medial epicondyle of the femur)

4

raised area on or above a condyle

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)

spine (ex ischial spine of the ischium)

2

sharp, slender, often pointed projection

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)

process (ex spinous process of the vertebra)

2

any bony prominence

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)

Head ( ex head of a rib)

1

bony expansion carried on a narrow neck

(projection that help form joints)

facet (ex articular facet of rib)

2

smooth, nearly flat articular surface

(projection that help form joints)

condyle (ex condyle of the mandible)

1

rounded articular projection (fits in a joint or is where a bone joins another)

(projection that help form joints)

ramus (ex ramus of the mandible)

2

arm-like bar of bone

(projection that help form joints)

groove (ex groove of the ramus of the mandible)

4

furrow

(depressions and openings for passage of blood vessels and nerves)

fissure (ex inferior orbital fissure)

1

narrow slit-like opening

(depressions and openings for passage of blood vessels and nerves)

foramen (ex infraorbital foramen)

2

round or oval opening through a bone

(depressions and openings for passage of blood vessels and nerves)

notch (ex supraorbital notch)

3

indentation at the edge of a structure

(depressions and openings for passage of blood vessels and nerves)

meatus (ex external auditory meatus)

1

canal-like passageway

(depressions and openings: other)

sinus (ex sinus in the frontal portion of skull)

bone cavity, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane

(depressions and openings: other)

fossa (ex medial cranial fossa)

2

shallow basinlike depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface.

(depressions and openings: other)

frontal

4-gold

occipital

3 brown

sphenoid

5 (pink)

ethmoid

6 orbit - orange

parietal

1 (pale red)

temporal

2 (orange)

coronal suture

between frontal and parietal bones

sagittal suture

2

mandible

4 (orange)

vomer

6 - blue inside nasal cavity

maxilla (2)

3 (lavender)

zygomatic (2)

2 (blue)

lacrimal (2)

1 (green)

nasal (2)

purple

inferior nasal concha (2)

5 - teal inside nasal cavity

lacrimal

1 - green

ethmoid

orange inside orbital cavity

nasal

2 - purple

zygomatic

3 - blue

maxilla

4 - lavender

volmer

2 - cyan

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