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corsha harris

Constitution

Written plan for government.

Bicameral

were divided into two parts,or houses.

Confederation

is a group of individual state governments that band together for common purpose.

Articles of Confederation

The first constitution of the United States, adopted by Congress in 1777 and enacted in 1781. The Articles established a national legislature, the Continental Congress, but most authority rested with the state legislatures.

Ratify

approved the Articles of Confederation

Shay's Rebellion

was led by Daniel Shays it was a protest against the land being taken away and the taxes that they had just worked so hard to get rid of

Constitutional Convention

a meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution

Virginia Plan

Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population

New Jersey Plan

New Jersey delegate William Peterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress

Great Compromise

a compromise is a way of resolving disagreements in which each side gives up something but gains something else.

3/5 Compromise

delegates agreed that every five enslaved person would count as three free persons.

Electoral College

a group of people who would be named by each state legislature.

Federalists

Supporters of the document.

Federalism

a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national,government and the states.

Anti-Federalists

those who opposed the constitution.

Preamble

an introduction that states and goals and purposes of the government.

legislative branch

the branch of government that makes the laws.

executive branch

law enforce branch of government

judicial branch

part of government that interprets the laws and sees that they are fairly applied.

amendment

Any change in the Constitution.

implied powers

powers that congress has that are not stated explicitly in the constitution

popular sovereignty

the idea that the power of government lies with the people.

rule of law

the law applies to everyone.

separation of law

division of authority.

checks and balances

A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.

expressed powers

the powers specifically granted to the national government into three types.

reserved powers

Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people

concurrent powers

powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments

Supremacy Clause

The constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws.

Civil Liberties

freedom to think and act without government interference

Censorship

banning offensive or alarming information

Petition

harming someone's reputation by speaking lies

Slander

harming someone's reputation by printing lies

Libel

formal request, often in the form of a brief or letter

Search Warrant

court order allowing police to search private property and gather

indictment

a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense

grand jury

a group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime

double jeopardy

being tried twice for the same crime

Due process

following established legal procedures

Eminent domain

right of government to take private property for public use

Bail

the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)

Suffrage

right to vote

Poll taxes

sum of money paid before casting a ballot

Discrimination

unfair treatment of certain groups because of prejudice

Segregation

social separation of the races

Civil Rights

freedom of full citizenship and equality under the law

Affirmative action

programs that try to make up for past discrimination

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