Unit 21

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albin/o

means white

derm/o, derma/lo

means skin

erythr/o

red

hidr/o

sweat

kerat/o

means hard or horny

lip/o

means fat

melan/o

means black

myc/o

means fungus

onych/o

means fingernail or toenail

pedicul/o

means lice

pil/o

hair

rhytid/o

means wrinkle

seb/o

means sebum

xer/o

means dry

abrasion (ah-BRAY-zhun)

an injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away

actinic keratosis (ack- TIN-ick kerr-ah- TOH- sis)

a precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun

albinism (AL-bih-niz-um)

an inherited deficiency or absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes due to an abnormality in production of melanin

alopecia (al-oh-PEE-shee-ah)

also known as baldness, the partial or complete loss of hair

anhidrosis (an-high-DROH-sis)

the condition of lacking or being without sweat

blepharoplasty (BLEF-ah-roh-plas-tee)

also known as a lid lift, the surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids

bulla (BULL-ah)

a large circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is more that 0.5 cm in diameter

carbuncle (KAR-bung-kul)

a cluster of furuncles that result in extensive sloughing of skin and scar formation

cauterization

the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing

cellulitis (sell-you-LYE-tis)

a diffuse infection of connective tissue with sever inflammation within the layers of the skin

chloasma (kloh-AZ-mah)

also known as melasma or the mask of pregnancy, is a pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish colored spots on the face

cicatrix (sick-AY-tricks)

a normal scar resulting fro the healing of a wound

comedo (KOM-eh-doh)

a lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle

contusion (kon- TOO-zhun)

an injury that does not break the skin and is characterized by swelling, discoloration, and pain

debridement (day-breed-MON)

the removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection and to promote healing

decubitus ulcer (dee-KYOU-bih-tus)

also known as a pressure ulcer or bedsore, an ulcerated area caused by prolonged pressure that cuts off circulation to a body part

dermabrasion (der-mah-BRAY-zhun)

a form of abrasion involving the use of revolving wire brushes or sandpaper

dermatitis (der-mah- TYE-tis)

an inflammation of the upper layers of the skin

dermatomycosis (der-mah-toh-my-KOH-sis)

also known as tinea versicolor, a fungal infection that causes white to light brown areas on the skin

dermatoplasty (DER-mah-toh-plas-tee)

also known as a skin graft, the replacement of damaged skin with tissue from a donor site on the patient's body

diaphoresis (dye-ah-foh-REE-sis)

means profuse, but not necessarily excessive, sweating

dyschromia (dis-KROH-mee-ah)

any disorder of the pigmentation of the skin or hair

dysplastic nevi

atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer

ecchymosis (eck-ih-MOH-sis)

also known as a bruise, a purplish area caused by hemorrhaging within the skin

eczema

an acute or chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs and possibly itching

epithelioma (ep-ih-thee-lee-OH-mah)

a benign or malignany tumor originating in the epidermis that may occur on the skin or mucous membrane

erythema (er-ih-THEE-mah)

any redness of the skin such as nervous blush, inflammation, or mild sunburn

exfoliative cytology

scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope

furuncle (FYOU-rung-kul)

also known as boils, large, tender, and swollen aread caused by staphylococcal infection around hair follicles

gangrene (GANG-green)

necrosis that is usually associated with a loss of circulation

granuloma (gran-you-LOH-mah)

a general term used to describe small knot like swellings of granulation tissue

hemangioma

Benign tumor of dilated blood vessels

hirsutism (HER-soot-izm)

means abnormal hairiness

hyperhidrosis (high-per-high-DROH-sis)

a condition of excessive sweating

impetigo (im-peh- TYE-go)

a highly contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture

keloid (KEE-loid)

an abnormally raised or thickened scar that is usually smooth and shiny

keratosis (kerr-ah-TOH-sis)

sny skin growth, such as a wart or callous, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin

koilonychia (koy-loh-NICK-ee-ah)

also known as spoon nail, a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out

lipectomy (lih-PECK-toh-mee)

the surgical removal of fat beneath the skin

lipedema (lip-eh-DEE-mah)

an abnormal swelling due to collection of fat and fluid under the skin, usually between the calf and the ankle

lipocytes

fat cells

lipoma (lib-POH-mah)

a benign fatty deposit under the skin, causing a bump

liposuction (LIP-oh-suck-shun or LYE-poh-¬suck-shun)

the surgical removal of fat beneath the skin with the aid of suction

lupus erythematosus

also known as LE or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disorder xharacterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk

macule (MACK-youl)

a discolored, flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter

melanoma (mel-ah-NOH-mah)

skin caner derived from cells capable of forming melanin

miliaria (mill-ee-AYR-ee-ah)

also known as heat rash, and prickly heat, an inflammation caused by trapped sweat

onychia (oh-NICK-ee-ah)

also known as onychitis, an inflammation of the matrix of the nail

onychocryptosis (on-ih-koh-krip-TOH-sis)

means ingrown toenail

onychomycosis (on-ih-koh-my-KOH-sis)

any fungal infection of the nail

papilloma (pap-ih-LOH-mah)

a benign epithelial tumor that projects from the surrounding surface

papule (PAP-you!)

a small, solid, raised skin lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter

paronychia (par-oh-NICK-ee-ah)

an acute or chronic infection of the skin fold at the margin of a nail

pediculosis (pee-dick-you-LOH-sis)

an infestation with lice

petechiae (pee-TEE-kee-ee)

small pinpoint hemorrahges, smaller versions of eccymoses

pruritus

also known as itching, a dated with most forms of dermatitis

psoriasis (soh-RYE-uh-sis)

a chronic autoimmune disorder of the skin characterized by red papules covered with silvery scales that occur predominantly on elbows, knees, scalp, back and buttocks

purpura

any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding

purulent

producing or containing pus

putrefaction (pyou-treh-FACK-shun)

decay that produces foul-smelling odors

rhinophyma (rye-noh-FIGH-muh)

also known as bulbous nose, hyperplasia (overgrowth) of the nose

rhytidectomy (rit-ih-DECK-toh-mee)

also known as a facelift, the surgical removal of excess of skin for the elimination of wrinkles

rosacea (roh-ZAY-shee-ah)

a chronic condition of unknown cause that produces redness, timy pimples, and broken blood vessels

scabies (SKAY-beez)

a skin infection caused by an infestation with the itch mite

scleroderma (sklehr-oh-DER-mah or skleer-¬oh-DER-mah)

an autoimmune disorder that causes abnormal tissue thickening usually starting on the hands, feet, or face

seborrhea (seb-oh-REE-ah)

any of several common skin conditions in which there is an overproduction of sebum

seborrheic keratosis (seb-oh-REE-ick kerr-a TOH -sis)

a benign flesh-colored, brown, or black skin tumor

subungual hematoma (sub-UNG-gwal hee- mah-TOH-mah)

usually caused by an injury, a collection of blood trapped in the tissues under the nail

tinea (TIN-ee-ah)

also known as ringworm, a fungus skin disease affecting different areas of the body

urticaria (ur-tih-KAR-ree-ah)

also known as hives, a skin condition characterzed by localized areas of swelling accompanied by itching that is associated with an allergic reaction

verrucae (veh-ROO-see)

also known as warts, skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus

vesicle (VES-ih-kul)

a circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter

vitiligo (vit-ih-LYE-goh)

a condition in which a loss of mlanocytes results in whitish areas of skin bordered by normally pigmented areas

wheal (WHEEL)

a smooth, slightly elevated, swollen aread that is redder or paler that the surrounding skin that is usually accompanied by itching, for example, an insect bite or hives

xeroderma (zee-roh-DER-mah)

excessively dry skin

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