ap terms 3

Created by sarah2013 

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interior monologue

record of the conversation inside a character's head; stream of consciousness; often (but not exclusively) a feature of modern and post-modern fiction

inversion

intentional reversing of the order of elements in a sentence or phase; often produces an unintended artificiality of language

irony

situation in which the outcome is meaningfully opposite of what is expected

litotes

deliberate understatement inteded as a subtle means of emphasis; sometimes formed by the negation of the opposite of the intended characteristic

metaphor

figure of speech in which a name or descriptive word or phrase is transferred to an object or action different from, but analogous to, that to which it is literally applicable; comparison that says one thing is another

metonymy

figure of speech in which something is replaced by a thing associated with it

mode

method or form of a literary work; the manner in which a work of literature is written

mood

(similar to tone) the primary emotional attitude of a text

motif

main theme or subject of a work that is elaborated on and developed further throughout the piece; a repeated theme, image, or idea

myth

narrative that serves to explain origins, either of life itself or of religious or cultural practices

narrative

one of the four modes of discourse; the telling of a story; the relating of description of a sequence of related events

naturalism

late 19th and early 20th century literary movement that represents humans as lacking free will and entirely subject to heredity, environment, biological urges and economy

nemesis

protagonist's arch enemy or supreme and persistent difficulty

objectivity

impersonal presentation of facts, events, and characters

onomatopoeia

language that reproduces the sound of what it represents; can contribute to auditory imagery

opposition

pairs of elements that contrast meaningfully

oxymoron

figure of speech composed of seemingly contradictory words or phrases

parable

short tale that teaches a moral; similar to but shorter than an allegory; a form of narrative

paradox

statement or situation that initially seems to contradict itself but on closer examination is nonetheless true or eventually resolves itself

parallelism

technique of arranging words, phrases, clause or other structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form

paraphrase

to restate phrases and sentences in one's own words

persona

the voice of a text

personification

anthropomorphism; the attribution of human and/or sentient qualities to a non-human or inanimate object

plaint

poem or speech expressing sorrow

persuasion

a form of argumentation, one of the four modes of discourse; language inteded to convince through appeals to reason, values, or emotion

point of view

perspective from which material is presented; i.e. first-person narrator, stream of consciousness

protagonist

main character of a literary owrk

pun

play on words

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