Known as the father of the skyscraper because he designed the first steel-skeleton skyscraper. Mentor of Frank Lloyd Wright.
designed the slender 285-foot tower in 1902, the Flatiron Building
street cars, elevated trains, subways these all allowed cities to spread
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute
equipped African Americans with teaching diplomas and useful skills in the trades and agriculture, started by Booker T. Washington
W.E.B. Du Bois
fought for African American rights. Helped to found Niagra Movement in 1905 to fight for and establish equal rights. This movement later led to the establishment of the NAACP
insisted that blacks should seek a liberal arts education so that the African American community would have well-educated leaders
a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
separation of races
Jim Crow laws
The "separate but equal" segregation laws state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Frederick Law Olmstead
landscape architect who drew the plan for Greensward, more recently known as Central Park
Orvile, Wilbur Wright
Brothers who flew the first airplane
developed a series of more convenient alternatives to the heavy glass plates previously used
creator of the "New York World;"cut the prices so people could afford it; featured color comics and yellow journalism
William Randolph Hearst
Wrote for, and owned, the New York Journal. He was Pulitzer's rival, and tried to outdo Pulizter in the use of sensational stories and headlines, also known as yellow journalism.
a group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life
Ida B. Wells
the lynching of blacks outraged her, an african american journalist. in her newspaper, free speech, wells urged african americans to protest the lynchings. she called for a boycott of segregated street cars and white owned stores. she spoke out despite threats to her life.
Rural Free Delivery (RFD)
beginning in 1896, free delivery offered by the U.S. post office to farm families in rural areas.