The excessive heating of a body of water.
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.
A machine that uses heat to do work.
A substance that reduces the transfer of thermal energy.
change of state
The conversion of a substance from one physical form to another.
states of matter
The physical forms in which a substance can exit.
specific heat capacity
The amount of energy needed to change the temperature of 1 kg of a substance by 1 degree C.
The transfer of energy through matter or space as electromagnetic waves, such as visible light and infrared waves.
The transfer of thermal energy by the movement of a liquid or a gas.
A substance that does not conduct thermal energy very well.
A substance that conducts thermal energy very well.
The transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another through direct contact.
The total energy of the particles that make up an object.
The transfer of energy between objects that are at different temperatures.
The lowest possible temperature (0 K, -273 degree C)
The increase in volume of a substance due to an increase in temperature.