A body of land bordered by the Yellow Sea to the west, the East Sea to the east, the Korea Strait to the south, and China and Russia to the north.
The longest river on the Korean Peninsula; forms part of the border between China and North Korea.
The highest mountain on the Korean Peninsula.
Largest island off the southern coast of the Korean Peninsula.
A seasonal wind that usually brings moist air during the summer and dry air during the winter.
A tropical storm that starts in the western Pacific or Indian oceans.
A large mass of land surrounded on three sides by the water.
The three kingdoms that had formed on the Korean Peninsula by 300 AD.
A conflict between North Korea and the Soviet Union on one side and South Korea, the US and the UN on the other.
A buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea.
A belief system in which person called a shaman is believed to be able to communicate with the spirits and heal the sick.
Korean ceramic pottery with a thin blue or green glaze.
A traditional Korean costume.
A Korean dish made of pickled vegetables.
A belief system based on the teachings of Confucius.
A religion that began in India and is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama.
A type of government that controls every aspect of public and private life.
Korean Worker's Party
(KWP) A Communist political group that controls the government of North Korea.
A ruler who exercises complete political power.
Kim Jong Il
The leader of North Korea.
A family-owned conglomerate made up of related businesses.
An organization made up of several companies in different businesses.
Japan's largest and most populous island.
Japan's highest mountain peak.
The largest lowland of Japan, which extends from the Japanese Alps east to the Pacific.
Japan's northernmost and second largest island.
Japan's southernmost island and home to several large cities.
Japan's smallest and least populated major island.
Ring of Fire
A geographic zone that extends along the rim of the Pacific Ocean and has numerous volcanoes and earthquakes.
The era in Japanese history from 794 AD to 1185; arts and writing flourished during this time.
Professional soldiers of Japan.
The leader of the military government of Japan beginning in 1192.
Powerful samurai how became warrior-chieftains.
Shogun who unified Japan.
Japan's original religion; involves worshipping gods believed to be found in nature.
A group of families through a related through a common ancestor.
A man who is the ruler of an empire.
A government's aggressive use of its armed forces.
Japan's law-making body, which consists of a House of Representatives and a House of Councillors.
The large family-controlled banking and industrial groups that owned many companies in Japan before World War II.
Japan's prime minister from 2001 to 2006; Shinzo Abe became prime minister in 2006.
One of two peninsulas on which mainland Southeast Asia lies; the peninsula is located south of China.
The second peninsula of mainland Southeast Asia; the narrow strip of land serves as a bridge between the mainland and islands.
A major river that runs south from southern China through Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
A set of closely grouped islands, which sometimes form a curved arc.
One or a series of large ocean waves caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption.
Peninsula of Southwest Asia between the Red Sea and Persian Gulf.
In Southwest Asia between the Black Sea and Mediterranean.
Plateau of Iran
A high plateau in central and eastern Iran, surrounded by mountains.
A river of Southwest Asia that flows from a plateau on the Anatolian peninsula to the Persian Gulf (north).
A river of southwest Asia that flows from a plateau on the Anatolian peninsula to the Persian Gulf (south).
Fertile or green spot in desert created by underground water coming to the surface.
A high area of flat land.
A large landmass that is part of a continent but is considered a separate region.
The highest mountains in the world, which stretch along northern India, separating it from the rest of Asia.
The world's tallest mountain, located in the Himalayas.
A high area of land at the center of the Indian subcontinent.
A river in South Asia that flows from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea.
A river of South Asia that flows southeast from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal.
A violent storm with fierce winds that rotate in a circular pattern like a hurricane.
A severe shortage of food that causes widespread hunger.
The land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The fine soil carried by rivers and deposited on nearby lands.
An advanced form of culture that developed in cities.
A region of city-states in Mesopotamia that was home to the first civilization.
A political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands.
A temple built atop a series of increasingly smaller platforms.
Believing in many gods.
The first-known writing system, which used wedge-shaped symbols and was developed in Sumer.
A region stretching from the Persian Gulf northwest up the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and west over the the Mediterranean Sea.
One of the world's first law codes, compiled by the ruler Hammurabi.
An ancient civilization that developed along the Indus River.
A network of horizontal and vertical lines that create squares or rectangles.
An Arabic-speaking, traditionally nomadic people of Southwest Asia.
The founder and major prophet of Islam.
A belief in one god.
A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammad and the writings of the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book.
A believer in the religion of Islam who accepts Allah as the only god.
A Muslim based empire in Turkey that lasted from the 1300s to 1922.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, founded in 1960.
A member of an ethnic group that does not have its own country but whose homeland lies in parts of Turkey, Iraq, and Iran.
A historic region of Southwest Asia located mostly in what is now Iran.
Title for the king of Persia or Iran.
A government run by religious leaders.
The systematic killing of millions of Jews and other groups by the Nazis during World War II.
A narrow territory along the Mediterranean Sea.
A region west of the Jordan River.
The West Bank and Gaza Strip combined.
Palestine Liberation Organization
A political group that claims to represent all Palestinians and to be working toward gaining an independent Palestinian nation.
The current capital of Israel and an ancient city that is holy to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
The monotheistic religion of the Jews, based on the writings of the Hebrew Bible.
A monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth and on the writings of the Christian Bible.
A type of settlement in Israel in which the community shares all wealth and property.
The largest city of Turkey, formerly called Constantinople and originally called Byzantium in ancient times.
An organization of European nations whose members cooperate on economic, social, and political issues.
A region that was formerly part of southwest Syria that Israel has occupied since the 1967 war.
Referring to military forces whose purpose is to prevent or end war.
The family unit that contains more relatives that just parents and children, including grandparents and other close family.
Capital of Lebanon and a center of banking and finance.
A group of Indo-European nomadic herders who are believed by many scholars to have migrated to the Indian subcontinent.
An ancient language of India, first spoken by the Aryans.
Speakers of a language group found in India since earliest times; mostly spoken in South India today.
A social class that a person belongs to by birth.
Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism.
The modern name for the major religion of India.
A major world religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama.
A name, meaning the "enlightened one", used for Siddhartha Gautama.
A period during which a society attains prosperity and cultural achievements.
A beautiful tomb built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan to honor his wife.
A 20th-century Indian who helped lead his country to independence by using nonviolent resistance to colonial rule.
A method of protest that draws attention to a problem without using violence.
One of the sacred writings of Hinduism.
The rebirth of a soul in another body.
In Hinduism, the consequences of a person's actions in this life, which determines his or her fate in the next life.
In Buddhism, a state of wisdom that breaks the cycle of reincarnation.
Relating to a government with the parliament form of legislature.
The head of the cabinet and chief executive of government in a parliamentary system.
A region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent; India and Pakistan dispute control of it.
The use of special seeds, irrigation, fertilizers, and pesticides to produce high crop yields and food production.
A small business in which the workers manufacture items in their homes.
Indian city that is home to many high-tech industries.
The law-making body of a government.
A king or queen who rules a country or territory.
Surrounded by land with no access to the ocean.
A Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A conservative Islamic group that took control of Afghanistan in the mid-1990s.
Farming that produces just enough to feed the farmer's family with little left over to sell.
The ninth month of the Muslim calendar, during which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset each day.
Helpful in the fighting of a war.
To avoid eating, often for religious reasons.
A government in which the powers of the king or queen are limited by the constitution.
Travel to unique environments by people who take care to preserve them in their natural state.
The use of large farms to raise cash crops.
Three Gorges Dam
A barrier built on the Chang Jiang to control floods.
Electricity made by water-powered engines.
The second largest sand desert in the world.
A high desert in China and Mongolia.
A river that flows from the Kunlun Mountains to the Yellow Sea.
The longest river in Asia, flowing through eastern China.
A river in southeast China.
Having to do with earthquakes.
The first emperor to unify much of China.
A ruler of an empire, which is a group of different territories of cultures led by a single all-powerful authority.
A line of rulers from the same family.
North China Plain
The fertile region between the Huang He and Chang Jiang rivers.
An ancient Chinese name for China.
The pattern of the rise and fall of dynasties.
A huge and long wall built to keep nomads out of China.
A belief system based on the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese scholar.
An educated person who worked in China's government.
A government and economic system in which the government holds nearly all political power and the means of production in the name of the people.
Communist leader of China from 1949 to 1976.
A Chinese belief system based on the idea of natural order in the world.
According to the belief system of Daoism, a force that guides the whole universe.
Trade routes used between China and Southwest Asia.
A set of regularly followed ceremonies.
Shared ownership of property.
A governmental division like a state.
National People's Congress
China's law-making body.
A public gathering to protest a policy or action.
The location of a huge demonstration for democratic rights that occurred in 1989.
An economy in which the government owns all land, factories, and businesses, and decides what will be produced.
An economy in which business is privately owned.
Action to improve social or economic conditions.