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clinical terms

achondroplasia

inherited condition that retards formation of cartilaginous bone: results in type of dwarfism

acromegaly

abnormal enlargement of facial features, hands, and feet in ADULTS as a result of overproduction of growth hormone

colles fracture

fracture at the distal end of the radius that displaces the smaller fragment posteriorly

epiphysiolysis

separation or loosening of the epiphysis from the diaphysis of the bone

laminectomy

surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebra, usually to relive symptoms of a ruptured intervertebral disc

lumbago

dull ache in the lumbar region of the back

orthopedics

medical specialty that prevents, diagnoses, and treats disease and abnormalities of the skeletal and muscular systems

ostealgia

pain in a bone

ostectomy

surgical removal of a bone

oseitis

inflammation of bone tissue

osteochondritis

inflammation of bone and cartilage tissues

osteogenesis

bone development

osteogenesis imperfecta

inherited condition of deformed and abnormally brittle bones

osteoma

tumor composed of bone tissue

osteomalacia

softening of adult bone due to a disorder in calcium and phosphorous metabolism, usually caused by vitamin D deficiency

osteomyelitis

bone inflammation caused by the body's reaction to bacterial or fungal infection

osteonecrosis

death of bone tissue; most commonly occurs in the femur head in elderly people and may be due to obstructed arteries supplying the bone

osteopathology

study of bone diseases

osteopenia

decrease in bone mass due to reduction in bone tissue formation

osteoporosis

decreased bone mineral content

osteotomy

cutting a bone

ankylosis

abnormal stiffness of a joint or fusion of bones at a joint; often due to damaged joint membranes from chronic rheumatoid arthritis

arthralgia

pain in a joint

arthrocentesis

puncture of and removal of fluid from a joint cavity

arthrodesis

surgery to fuse the bones at a joint

arthrogram

radiograph of a joint after radiopaque fluid has been injected into the joint cavity

arthrology

study of joints and their diseases

arthopathy

any joint disease

arhtroplasty

surgery to improve joint mobility

arthrostomy

surgical opening of a joint to allow fluid drainage

arthrotomy

surgical incision of a joint

hemarthrosis

blood in a joint cavity

hydrarthrosis

accumulation of fluid within a joint cavity

luxation

dislocation of a joint

subluxation

partial dislocation of a joint

synovectomy

surgical removal of the synovial membrane from a joint

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