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What were the three revolutions which changed history in a global way?

French, Russian, and Chinese.

Why were merchants placed below peasants and artisans in the Confucian social system?

Because they didn't produce anything, they only took the produce of others and sold it.

Beauracrates

an elite official in any society

Wu Di

The most important Han emporer

What does the length of the Han empire imply?

It implies that they had strength and stability within their empire (counting that it lasted over 400 years)

Which system was more flexible, the chinese social system or the indian hindu caste system?

The chinese social system

Which rebelion occured in china around the time of 184-86 CE and what caused it?

The yellow turban rebelion, the poor treatment of peasant slaves.

tenant

a term for a person who rents land or housing

Which other civilization was at it's height at the time of the Chinese?

Roman

Similarity between classical chinese social system and the indian caste system

Birth determined social status for most people

Difference between chinese and indian systems

I:based on a religion
C:based on a philosophy

which philosophy or religion influenced each one (#11) and how?

I: the idea/philosophy that society was forever divided into 4 social groups known as the varna.
C: had it's origins in the effort of early chines rulers to find administrator's loyal to the central state.

What was the origin of the caste system?

Racially based among the different people on the south asian penninsula.

Varna

divided into 4 ranked classes: Brahmins, Kshatria, Viashia, Sudra, and the untouchables.

Pure Arian

what the top 3 castes were condidered.

Give an example of how sudras were treated as marginal.

If a Brahmin killed a sudra he would be pennilized as if he killed a dog or a cat.

Caste became irrelevant and the focus was achieving one's ________ as to aviod rebirth

moksha

Rebirth into a higher caste depended on the following of your ________ and thus creating good ________

Dharma, karma

In china slaves were less than _____ % of the population. Usually they were ____________ or impoverished peasants who sold thier _______.

1, convicted criminals,children

In Athens about ______ of the population was enslaved

1/3 or 35%

In Rome ________% of the total population was enslaved

33-40

It was the greatest percentage known until the more modern slave societies of __________.....

Carribean, Brazil, and Southern United States

Most roman slaves had been _________. Roman slavery was not _______-based

POV (prizoners of war), race

Spartacus

led a rebelion in 73 BCE against the romans resulting in the crusifuction of over 6,000 slaves

In the most ancient and classical societies which CLASS of women had the greatest restriction and why?

The upper class because they were thought of as to good to have seen outside of home.

Ban Zhou

Chines woman writer and court official

manumission

to set some one free or to give back freedom

3 obediences

emphasized a woman's subordination 1 to her father, 2 to her husband, and 3 to her son in chinese society.

Pericles

Athen's leading political figure

Yin

lower feminine principle associated with weakness and emotion in chinese society

Yang

masculine associated with strength and light in chinese society

helots

conquered people in the roman empire

Aspasia

woman from Miletus who came to Athens and had more freedom due to her foreign birth

Was Aristotle a feminist, why or why not?

No because he thought of women to be infertile men who were just vessles for childbirth

With the exception of Sparta how might greek city states be considered more open regarding sexual choice and behavior?

tollerated homosexual relationships

After the fall of Rome, slaves in western Europe became ________

serfs

________ had been the most basic, ling lasting, accepted as normal feature of almost all civilizations.

Patriarchy

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