important holocaust terms

Created by lynicle 

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Mrs. Fleck

sighet

Elie's hometown

ghetto

areas in cities where Jew were forced to live separated by a stone wall from the city

cattle cars

Frieght cars that were used to transport Jews

birkenau

A segment of Auschwitz where prisoners were housed and the camp was located

auschwitz

death camp in southern Poland, Heinrich Himmler ordered its operation on April 27, 1940, 4 larger camps, housed 5 crematoria and 45 sub camps

buna

The second concentration camp where Elie and his father are taken to, it is at Buna where they face the hardest labor and abuse.

death run

when the jews had to run from auschwitz to concentration camps in germany because the soviet union was after the germans

gleiwitz

The camp the prisoners reach during the winter march. The prisoners move from Gleiwitz to Buchenwald.

buchenwald

another death camp located in southern germany

star of david

had the word "jude" on them and every jew had to where one; became the symbol of Nazi persecution

nazi

national socialists german workers party, founded in 1919, hitler became the leader in 1921, practiced hatred of certain religions,

swastika

old religious ornament adopted by the nazis

gestapo

"secret police"; mainly in ghettos

kapos

prisoners who cooperate with the SS in the disciplining of their fellow prisoners

schutzstaffell (SS)

a special force notorious for its brutal concentration camp grounds

concentration camps

reservation where Jews and minorities were forced to work and where many were executed as part of Hitlers "final solution"

the gate

says "arbeit macht frei" (work makes one free)

hasidism

a jewish religious movement started in eastern europe in the eighteenth century

talmud

spoken, passe down laws, dictates the lfestyle and behavior of the Jews

cabala

esoteric system of interpretation of the script based upon a tradition claimed to have been handed down oraly by abraham

rosh hashana

new years

yom kippor

day of atonement

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