Ch 4 - Diseases, and abbreviations

78 terms by teaspoon1731 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

basal cell carcinoma

BCC

cytomegalovirus

CMV

community-associated MRSA infection

CA-MRSA

pressure ulcer

decub

dermatology

derm

healthcare-associated MRSA infection

HA-MRSA

incision and drainage

I&D

intradermal

ID

methicillin-resistent Staph aureus

MRSA

systemic lupus erythematosus

SLE

squamous cell carcinoma

SqCCA

staphylococcus

staph

streptococcus

strep

subcutaneous

sc

transdermal

TD

alopecia

loss of hair

cicatrix

scar

cyst

closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material

cytomegalovirus

herpes-type virus that usually causes disease when immune system is compromised

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

ecchymosis

escape of blood into skin (or mucous membrane) causing small, flat, purple or blue discoloration. may occur when blood is withdrawn by a needle and syringe from an arm vein

edema

puffy swelling of tissues from accumulation of fluid

erythema

redness

induration

abnormal hard spots

jaundice

condition characterized by yellow tinge to skin

keloid

overgrowth of scar tissue

leukoplakia

condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, may be precancerous

macule

flat, colored spot on the skin (ie freckle)

nevus

circumscribed malformation of the skin, usually brown, black or flesh colored; congenital = birthmark or mole

nodule

small, knotlike mass that can be felt by touch (ie lipoma)

pallor

paleness

papule

small, solid skin elevation (ie skin tag)

petechia

pinpoint skin hemorrhage

pressure ulcer

erosion of the skin caused by prolonged pressure, often occuring in bedridden patients (ie bed sore)

pruritus

severe itching

purpura

small hemorrhages in the skin (or mucous membrane) giving a purple-red discoloration, associated with blood disorders or vascular abnormalities

pustule

elevation of skin involving pus (ie acne, impetigo)

ulcer

erosion of skin or mucous membrane

verruca

circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus (wart)

vesicle

small elevation of epidermis containing liquid (blister)

wheal

transitory, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and red surrounding area (a single hive)

cauterization

destruction of tissue with a hot or cold instrument, electric current, or caustic substance

cryosurgery

destruction of tissue by using extreme cold, often liquid nitrogen

debridement

removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound

dermabrasion

procedure to remove skin scars with abrasive material, such as sandpaper

excision

removal by cutting

incision

surgical cut or wound produced by a sharp instrument

Mohs surgery

technique or microscopically controlled serial excisions of skin cancers

dermatoautoplasty

surgical repair using one's own skin (skin graft, autograft)

dermatoheteroplasty

surgical repair using skin from others (skin graft, allograft)

rhytidectomy

excision of wrinkles, facelift

rhytidoplasty

surgical repair of wrinkles

candidiasis

an infection of the skin and mouth (thrush)

carbuncle

skin infection complosed of a cluster of boils caused by staph

cellulitis

inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling and fever

contusion

injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling and discoloration (bruise)

eczema

noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs and itching

fissure

slit or cracklike sore in skin

furuncle

painful skin node caused by staph in hair follicle (boil)

impetigo

superficial skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staph or strep

Kaposi sarcoma

cancerous condition starting as purple or brown papules on lower extremities that spreads through the skin to lymph nodes and internal organs. common with AIDS

lesion

any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease

pediculosis

invasion into the skin and hair by lice

psoriasis

chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales

rosacea

chronic disorder of the skin that produces erytherma, papules, pustules, and broken blood vessels, usually occurring on the central area of the face in people over 30

scabies

skin infection caused by itch mites, characterized by papule eruptions that are caused by the female burrowing into the outer layer of skin and laying eggs.

scleroderma

disease characterized by chronic hardening of connective tissue of the skin and other body organs

squamous cell sarcoma

malignant growth that develops from scalelike epithelial tissue. unlike basal cell carcinoma, there is a significant potential from metastasis. most frequently caused by chronic exposure to sunlight.

systemic lupus erythematosus

chronic inflammatory disease involving the skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system.

tinea

fungal infection of the skin; ringworm and athlete's foot

urticaria

itching skin eruption composed of wheals of varying size and shape, which usually resolves in a short period of time. (hives)

vitiligo

white patches on the skin caused by the destruction of melanocytes associated with autoimmune disorders

abrasion

scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury

abscess

localized collection of pus

actinic keratosis

precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sunlight

albinism

congenital heriditary characterized by partial or total lack of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes

basal cell carcinoma

epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. seldom metastasizes but invades local tissue. common cause excessive sun exposure

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set