Unit 4 US History Fakier

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Ursuline Academy's one and only Ms. Fakier US history unit 4 test

Communists

People who supported a system in which the state or community owns all property and the means of production, all the citizens share the wealth

Immigration in the 20's

Many immigrants were migrating to the US, the idea of the American dream for money and a new start, but people from Italy, Spain, and all over were being discriminated against because they were non-Americans

Palmer Raids

Conducted by the Justice department attorney J. Edgar Hoover at the instruction of the US attorney general Mitchell Palmer, a series of unathorized raids on homes, businesses and meeting places of suspected subversives that resulted in the arrest of 6,000 radicals, often without evidence against them

Anti-Defamation League

an organization founded in 1913 to halt the defamation or attack on a person's group reputation or character, of the Jewish people and to ensure the fair treatment of all Americans

Automobiles in the 20's

auto-maker Henry Ford made cars affordable for all Americans, released a sense of freedom

Causes of Union strikes

Union workers went on strike to improve working conditions and wages for workers, radical group was the Industrial workers of the world (wooblies). All groups turned to general strikes

Warren Harding

Ohio senator turned Republican president, campaigned and promised to bring America, 'back to normalcy', this promise won him more than 60% of the vote, then the concentration shifted from world affairs to prosperity at home

Foreign Policy during the republican era

World (US) was pushed towards isolationism, ex) dis-arment between world powers also a un-involvement in Europe's scene

Marcus Garvey

Jamaican born who started the back to Africa movement, was found out to be a fraud but good questions were brought up, like will blacks ever be equal to whites, in a whites community?

Kellogg-Briand pact

agreement among other world powers/nations in 1928 to try to settle international disputes by peaceful means rather than war. Started with the US between France, then 62 others signed it

Causes of economic boom in the 1920's

stock and bonds system, people trusts banks to hold their money and could take out what they needed to buy things

Reemergence of the KKK

AA's were still being prejudice against, and towards certain religious groups (JEWS), revived in 1915 in Georgia

Free-enterprise system

An economic system that relies of private ownership of property, competition for profits, and the forces of supply and demand to produce needed goods and services that discourages government regulation, aka capitalism

Consumer culture of the 20's

new products make life easier, advertising builds consumer demands, idea of buy now and pay later

New innovations of the 20's

new products such as the electric toaster brought the need of electricity in homes, cars were rolling out and the idea of credit still fresh

League of women's voters

Formed in 1920, a grassroot organization created to influence government and public policy by educating voters about public issues

American civil liberties union

Organization founded in 1920 to defend Americans rights and freedoms as given in the Constitution

Louis Armstrong

Master of New Jazz era, AA artist/singer

Duke Ellington

Composed Jazz standards that are still played today

Harlem Renaissance

Outpouring of AA's- singers, artists, writers and musicians who gathered in Harlem

Prohibition

The law to make alcohol as a whole illegal, brought new wave of crimes, speakeasies and bootlegging were born

Sacco and Vanzetti

Accused criminals with double murder and robbery, both killed, fair trial? were Italian...

American farmers in the 20's

Lost lots of business post war because there wasn't much demand for crops and lots of people were moving city ways (urban) away form rural areas

Traditionalists

People who had deep respect for long-held cultural and religious values

Modernists

People who embrace new ideas, styles, and social trends

Scopes Trial

A criminal trial, held in Dayton Ohio, in 1925, that tested that constitutional of Tennessee law that banned the teaching of Darwin theory of evolution in schools; science teacher John Scopes was found guilty and fired for his conduct, leaving Tennessee law intact

Teapot Dome Scandal

US secretary of the interior Albert Fall leased national oil reserves in Elk Hills, California and Teapot Dome, Wyoming to 2 companies that bribed him

Calvin Coolidge

Governor who called the National guard troops to keep order in a general strike in Boston, all wanted him to run for president but he backed out

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Part of the Lost Generation, wrote the Great Gatsby, wife- Zelda, no happy marriage

Charlie Chapman

Silent movie star

Black Tuesday

Day when the stock prices plunged, October 29, 1929, Key factor of the Great Depression, people were trying to sell stock but no-one was willing or able to buy

Causes of the Great Depression

Started with black Tuesday and the stock markets crashed, banking crisis, overproduction and under-consumption, tariff acts

Franklin Roosevelt

Nominated democrat candidate of 1932, promised Americans a 'new deal' or do whatever was needed to help the needy and promote recovery, won candidacy over gloomy Hoover. First 100 days, March 9-June 16, 1933

fireside chats

FDR's chats about the New Deal with Americans

Hawley Smoot Tarriff

Law passed by congress in 1930 to raise the tariffs on imported goods in order to protect US businesses and farmers produced an opposite relapse and didn't really do anything

Major problems during the Depression

Stock market, overproduction and under-consumption, government tarriffs (bad), speculative bubbles, housing, food/nourishment of the people and death/divorce rates

Bonus Army

A group of 1000's of WWI veterans who traveled to Washington DC in 1932 to request early payment of a retirement bonus to help them through the tough times

Bank Runs

crisis in which a large amount of people go to the bank at once and ask fro all of their money when the banks don't necessarily have any, they do this in fear that the bank will close

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

a government agency created by congress in 1932 to provide loans to banks, railroads, and big businesses and later also to farmers and public works projects

Huey Long

Powerful speaker and Louisiana senator attacked the New Deal for not doing enough to help poor Americans

Conservative beliefs

Someone who cherishes and seeks to preserve traditional customs and values. Prefer to stick to the status quo, argued economy would soon stabilize and improve, were part of the business cycle- a pattern of decline, panic, and recovery

1932 Presidential election

FDR is elected over Hoover, idea of the New Deal is implemented, 100 days

First Hundred Days

of FDR's presidency, where he did a lot of things. Enacted many programs to provide relief, aid, promote recovery and enact reforms

Tennessee Valley Authority

Funded construction of flood control dams and power plants in Tennessee Valley states

Effects of Uneployment

Many women were unable to get jobs when males/hubbies earned a living wage, farmers lost their farms, property values sunk, and marriage and birthrates dropped

The New Deal

FDR's domestic program from 1933-1939 which aimed to bring about immediate economic relief from the Depression

Dust Bowl

An area of the Great Plains of the US that suffered severely from wind erosion during the 1930's (double whammy)

Desertification

A process by which land becomes increasingly dry and desert like

Okies

Nickname for a person who migrated from the Dust Bowl to California during the Great Depression

Great Flood of 1936

Devastating floods in New England that resulted from a series of a record-breaking storms that pounded the region daily between March 9 and March 22, 1936

Agricultural Adjustment Administration

Part of the New Deal were the federal agency created by congress in 1939 to help reduce farmer's crop production and restore the prices of their goods to a reasonable level

Civilian Conservation corps

A work-relief program established in 1933 as a part of the First 100 days of the New Deal, to provide work for the unemployed Americans during the Depression

Works progress administration

A work relief organization established in 1939 as a part of the New Deal, to provide work for the unemployed Americans during the depression

Social security act

Law passed by congress in 1935 to establish federal programs to offer old-age assistance and benefits, unemployment compensation, and aid to needy moms, kids, and to the blind

Effects of the New deal

2 sides, left wings and the right wings, lefts believed the New Deal didn't do enough, and the right wing though it did to much

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