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Supremacy Clause

states that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land

McCulloch vs. Maryland

held up the Supremacy Clause- can't tax a national bank

Nation's Obligation to the States

Republican form of Government
Protection
Respect for Territorial Integrity

Republican form of Government

representative government and elections in each state

Protection

against invasion, internal violence, natural disasters, etc

Respect for Territorial Integrity

respect state boundaries

Process of State Admission

1. territory asks Congress for admission
2. Congress passes an enabling act allowing the territory to write its own constitution
3. the voters in the territory must approve the Constitution
4. if Congress agrees, they pass an Act of Admission to let the territory in
5. the President must sign the act

Cooperative Federalism

grants-in-aid programs

Grants-In-Aid Programs

grants of federal money or other resources to the States
-blur the lines of Federalism because Federal money is going towards State projects

Categorical Grants

made for a specific, defined purpose; strings attached such as specific purpose, providing matching money, obeying guidelines, etc

Block Grants

larger areas of funding, less strings attached- States have more freedom to use money

Project Grants

grants for a specific project, such as scientific research

Interstate Compacts

agreements among States and agreements with foreign states (use of river/other resources)

Full Faith and Credit

each state must accept the public acts (laws), records, and judicial proceedings of every other state

Extradition

a fugitive hiding in one state can be returned to another state

Privileges and Immunities

no state can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other states

Delegated Powers

those powers given to the National government- expressed, implied, inherent

Expressed powers

written clearly stated in the Constitution (coin money)

Implied Powers

not actually stated in the Constitution but they are suggested (building the interstate system)

Inherent Powers

powers that the government has because it's a sovereign state in the world community (regulate immigration)

Denied Powers

denied to the National government: Expressively and Silence

Expressively denied

specifically stated in the Constitution that Congress cannot do something (prohibit freedom)

Silence

Constitution says nothing so Congress can't do it (create national public school system)

Reserved Powers

Powers reserved to the States (public school system, gambling laws, licencing)

Denied Powers (State)

can't print/coin money and can't join any treaty/alliance/confederation

Concurrent Powers

National and State hold them simultaneously (take private property for public use and lay/collect taxes)

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