a design from a previous season reworked in a different color or fabrics
allows company to use its name to launch or modify products
financial penalities imposed on manufacturers by retailers
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)
stand alone computerized manufacturing equipment, including computerized sewing, pattern-making, and cutting machines.
A firm whose sole function is to supply sewing services to the apparel industry.
the use of a company's name on (sometimes) related merchandise.
financial institution that specializes in buying accounts receivable at a discount
a subdivision of a line, linked by a common theme such as color, fabric, or style.
contractors that specialize in the production of one product
a firm that performs all the operations required to produce a garment.
private label (Store Brand)
Merchandise that meets standards specified by a retail firm and that belongs to it exclusively. primarily used to insure consistent quality of product as well as to meet price competition.
quality assurance (QA)
inspection of each com[pnent of a garment to ensure that it meets the standards established for it.
the division of labor in apparel manufacturing whereby ech sewing-machine operator sews only a certain section of the garment, such as sleeve or hem.
a person who adapts or changes the successful designs of others
universal product code (UPC)
the most widely accepted of a number of bar codes used for automatic identification of items scanned at retail cash registers.
handles the designing, panning, cutting, selling and shipping but NOT the sewing
assembling the cut piece of each pattern--sleeves, collars, fronts, and backs--into bundles according to their sizes. usually done by hand
computer-aided design (CAD)
a computer program that allows designers to manipuate their designs easily
computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
many computers within a manufacturing company are linked from the design through the production stages
electric data interchange (EDI)
the electronic exchange of machines-readable data in standard formats between one company's computers and another company's computers
merchandise that has been ticketed with bar-coded price and packed in labeled cartons with all shipping documents attached. if the merchandise is garment, it has been pressed and folded or hung on a hanger with a plastic bag over it.
adjustment of a style's sample pattern to meet the dimentsional requirements pf each size in which the style is to be made. also referred to "sloping"
the importation of goods by domestic apparel producers, either from their own plants operating in cheap, labor-rich foreign areas, or through their long-term supply arrangements with foreign producers
a production method in which an operator sews only section of the garment to speed up the production process.
product development team
a small group within a large apparel manufacturing firm that is responsible for one particular product line or brand. usually consists of at least a merchandiser, designer, and product manager.
quick response (QR)
a strategy used by manufacturers to shorten the ordering cycle to complete with foreign imports
designer's assistant who sews the sample garment
A type of purchasing that is done to the store's rather than to the manufacturer's standards.
A laying up merchandise that carries material along a guide on either side of a cutting table, spreading the material evenly, layer upon layer.
clothing fitted specifically to the wearer
apparel made in factories to standard size measurements
a series of somewhat contiguous price lines that appeal to specific target groups of customers
periodic merchandise exhibits staged in various regional trading areas around the country by groups of producers and their sales representatives for the specific purpose of making sales of their products to retailers in that area
the sector os sportswear that includes casual attire worn for sport such as running jogging, tennis, and racquetball.
a type of styling and price zone that is iften also referred to as "updated", "better", ir "young". applies to all categories of apparel and furnishings
amanufacturerer's policy of selling goods at both wholesale and retail
sports jacket and trousers, for example, dress, on on religious or moral grounds
a price zone that bridges the gap between designer and better prices
the difference between the waist and chest measurements of a man's jacket.
features more fitted jackets that hug the body and have extremely square shoulders
a name associated with the first shops offering men's ready-to-wear in this country. garments lacked careful fit and detail work found in custom-tailored clothing of the period
those men's wear firms that produce structured or semistructured suits, overcoats, topcoats, sportcoats, and or separate trousers in which a specific number of hand-tailored operations are required.
coordinated leotards, tights, and wrap skirts
the trade term for such women's undergarments as brassieres, girdles, pandy girdles, garter belts, and sharpers
the trade term for women's underwear; usually divided into faoundations, lingerie, and loungewear
the trade term for women's foundation, lingerie, and loungewear. also called inner fashions, body fashions, and innerwear.
hoisery, describes garments worn directy on the feet and legs
a general undergarment category that include slips, petticoats, camisoles, bras, nightgowns, and pajamas, underclothing is considered "daywear" while nightgowns and pajamas are classified as "sleepwear"
the trade term for the intimade apparel category that includes robes, bed jackets, and housecoats
a lightweight undergarment that is nearly seamless and uses double paels of fabric and strategic to cotour the body
the ability of a fabric to carry the moisture of perspiration away from the skin
cut up trade
manufacturers of belts that are sold as part of a dress, skirt, or pants
a composite of gold over sterling silver
merchandise ranging from costume to fine jewerly in price, materials, and newness of styling
costume/ fashion jewerly
mass produced jewerly made of brass or otger base metals, plastic, wood, or glass, and set with simulated or non precious stones
woman's hat industry
small accessory departments located next to apparel departments or near store entrances, sometimes with moveable kiosks, carts, or racks
refers to manufacturers of belts sold as separate fashion accesory items