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Keyterms for chapters 15,16,17

chernozem

black top soil

Ural Mountains

The mountain ranges that seperate the northern europe and west siberian plains and used as the dividing line between asia and europe

Eurasia

the combined continent of Europe and Asia

Transcaucasia

a region that consists of the republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia; located between the Caucasus Mountains and the borders of Turkey and Iran.

Central Asia

A region that includes the republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Ubekistan

Siberia

A region of Central and Eastern Russia, stretching from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, known for its mineral resources and for being a place of political exile

continentality

a region's distance from the moderating influence of the sea

taiga

a nearly continuous belt of evergreen coniferous forests of across the Northern Hemisphere, in North America and Eurasia

runoff

water from rainfall that is not absorbed into the soil and instead flows into streams or lakes, which can carry psticides and fertilizers from fields into rivers endangering the food chain

Trans-Siberian Railroad

A railroad that would eventually link Moscow to the Pacific Port of Vladivostok, it was built between 1891 and 1903

Baltics Republic

The countries of Lativa, Lithana, and Estonia, located on the eastern coast of the baltic sea

czar

a Russian emperor

Russian Revolution

The revolt of 1917, in which the Russian Communist Party, led by V. I. Lenin took control if the government from the czars

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Created by Lenin in 1922. and dissolved in 1991

Cold War

the conflict between the US and Soviet Union after WWII called "cold" because it never escaleted into open warfare

command economy

An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.

collective farm

an enormous farm in the Soviet union on which a large team of laborers were gathered to work together during Joseph Stalin's reign

Red Army

name of Soviet Unions military

supra

Georgian(Russian) term for dinner party, with many dishes, courses, toasts, and short speeches

Silk Road

the 4000 mild route between China and the Mediterrandea Sean named for the costly silk acquired in China

Great Game

a struggle between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for control of Central Asia in the 19th Century

Nomad

a person with no permanent home

yurt

a tent of Central Asia's nomads

caucasus

a region that straddles the caucasas mountains and stretches between the Black and Caspian Seas

Chechnya

one of the republics that remains a part of Russsia after the collapse of the Soviet Union despite independence movements and violent upheavel

Nagorno-Karabakh

the mountainous area of Azerbaijan, fought over by Armenia and Azerbaijan

privatization

the selling of goverment owned buisness to private citizens

distance decay

a term referring to the concept that increasing distances between places tend to reduce interactions among them

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